தமிழ் மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ்

அறிஞர்களால் மதிப்பீடு செய்யப்படும் அரையாண்டு பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ்

UGC CARE Listed Journal From July 2020

Volume 3 Issue 1, July 2020

தொகுதி - 3, இதழ் 1 ஜீலை 2020

Articles-1-06

வாழ்த்துரை

          தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கியத்திற்காக எமது தமிழ் மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் (IJTLLS) தம் இலக்கிய மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி அரும்பணியைச் செய்து வருகின்றது. இது எமது மூன்றாம் தொகுதியின் முதல் இதழாகும். இத்தொகுதியில் மூன்று ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகள் தமிழ் மொழியிலும் மூன்று ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகள் ஆங்கில மொழியிலும் இடம் பெற்றுள்ளன. முனைவர் கண்மணி கணேசன் அவர்கள் முல்லைத்திணை தலைவன் தாமான் தோன்றிக்கோனின் உறைவிடம் மற்றம் இனம் சார்ந்த செய்திகளை தற்பொழுது உள்ள இடம் மற்றும் சான்றுகளை ஆதாரங்காட்டி தமது ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரையை வழங்கியுள்ளார். முனைவர் கவிதா அவர்கள் தொல்காப்பியர் கூறிய எண்வகை மெய்ப்பாடுகளை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டு உளவியல் கருத்துகள் பொதிந்துள்ள இலக்கிய சான்றுகளைக் கையாண்டு ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரையை எழுதியுள்ளார். முனைவர் விஜயா கலைவாணி அவர்கள் திருக்குறளில் இல்வாழ்க்கை எனும் தலைப்பில் குடும்ப வாழ்க்கை, கணவன்-மனைவி ஒழுக்கத்தைத் தகுந்த இலக்கிய சான்றுகளுடன் ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரையில் எடுத்து இயம்பியுள்ளார். திருமதி ஜோதிலட்சுமி மற்றும் முனைவர் வேதராஜா அவர்கள் அமெரிக்க கவிஞர் மற்றும் தத்துவ ஞானியுமான எமர்சன் மற்றும் தமிழகத்தின் ஒப்பில்லா கவிஞரான கவியரசு கண்ணதாசன் ஆகியோரின் தேர்ந்தெடுக்கப்பட்ட கவிதைகளில் பொதிந்துள்ள தத்துவ கருத்துகளை ஒப்பியல் நோக்கில் திறனாய்வு செய்துள்ளனர். திரு. குழந்தைவேல் அவர்கள் திருக்குறளின் மையக்கருத்தை மூலமாகக் கொண்டு தனது வாழ்க்கை அனுபவங்களை எடுத்து கூறியுள்ளார். திரு. வினோத்குமார் மற்றும் முனைவர் வேதராஜா அவர்கள் நைஜல் டிராண்டரின் வில்லியம் வாலஸ் மற்றும் கல்கியின் ஆதித்த கரிகாலன் ஆகியோரது முதல் போர் சாகசத்தைக் கொண்டு அவர்களைப் போர் வீர முன்மாதிரிகளாக ஆய்வு செய்துள்ளனர். தமிழ் மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் (IJTLLS) செம்மையாய் செயல்பட்டு ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகளை இணையத்தில் பதிப்பு செய்து உள்ளது. எதிர்காலத்தில் தமிழ் ஆராய்ச்சிகளை உலக அரங்கத்திற்கு எடுத்துச் செல்ல ஓர் ஆய்வுக்களமாக எமது இதழ் செயல்பட்டு வருகிறது. அதற்கு உறுதுணை அளித்த அனைவருக்கும் நன்றி.

-பதிப்புக்குழு

 
 

1. முல்லைத்திணை மாந்தர் தலைவன் தாமான் தோன்றிக்கோன்

முனைவர் ச.கண்மணி கணேசன்


Thaamaan Thonrikkon The Leader of the Mullaiththinai People

Dr.S.Kanmani Ganesan

Abstract

          The aim of this paper is to decipher the clan and the living place of Thaamaan Thonrikkon; the hero of the hymn Puranaanooru- 399. Puranaanooru is a treasure bearing the social history of the early Tamils. It’s true; the compilers of the anthology, the first publisher Dr.U.Ve.Saaminaathaiyar and the commentators after him had done a wonderful job. But there are still lots of unfolded pages which should be studied to reveal the truths and forgotten history. The compilation procedure of the specific anthology reveals the lovable attitude of the Tamil people towards the triumvirs; the Cheras, the Cholas and the Pandyas of Tamil Nadu. As a result they have failed to bring out the adorable heroes among the thinaimaanthar. Besides, the area to which the hero belongs was not finalised by anybody. It would be fair on our part if we are able to derive the landscape in which the hero practiced his leadership and finalise the clan to which he belongs. The etymology of the full name of the hero itself serves as the source to pinpoint his clan. The residential township of the poet who sang his name and fame also serves as the primary source to identify the hero’s country. Google maps help us to carry out this task in a successful manner. The vegetation of the landscape serves as the secondary source. The researches of 20th century scholars serve as the tertiary source. We are able to finalise Thaamaan Thonrikkon’s landscape at the foothills of the Kodaikanal mountains near Beijam Lake and identify him as the leader of mullaiththinai people.

Keywords:Thaamaan Thonrikkon, Leader of Mullaiththinai, Aiyoor, Berijam lake.

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References

[1] Saaminaathaiyar U.Ve, (Pa.aa.). “Puranaanooru- Part- II”, Auvai Chu.Thuraisaamippillai (u.aa.), Kazhaka Veliyeedu, 2007.

[2] Chomasuntharanaar Po.Ve, (u.aa). “Paththuppaattu- Part- 2”, Kazhaka Veliyeedu,1966.

[3] Tamil Wikipedia- ‘Thaanri’- https://ta.wikipedia.org/s/72v).

[4] Tamil Wikipedia- ‘Thonri Malai’- https://tinyurl.com/ybah5tk4).

[5] Thamizhi-‘Varalaaru Koorum Thaandikkudi Karpathukkai’- 02- May- 2015 https://tinyurl.com/yc2trzpf)

[6] Venkatasaami Naattaar Na.Mu, (u.aa.). “Cilappathikaaram-1st edition”, Tha.Vai.i. Thamizhch Changa Veliyeedu, Paakaneri, 1968.

[7] Dhuraisamy Pillai. Avvai. S, Puranaanooru - 1923- 2nd edition-published in the commercial press.

[8] Benefits of Forest Conservation Berijam Lake- https://tinyurl.com/yamj653v.

[9] The Hindu-Madras Miscellany History and Culture- 07.Oct.2019- “Levinge Still Remembered” https://tinyurl.com/y9ry2qq5.

2. தொல்காப்பியரின் மெய்ப்பாட்டுடன் உளவியல்

முனைவர் ஜெ. கவிதா


Tholkappiyar’s Meyppadu (Funtion of Emotions) and Psychology

Dr.J.Kavitha

Abstract

          Of the grammar books available today “Tolkappiyam” sought its name and fame all over the world. In general, the word is the word of the subject with three powers. Book nine is divided into nine functions. In the realm of “Tolkappiyam”, it is a treasury of too many news for current psychologists to wonder that like science it had described human behavior before many thousand years now commonly known as psychology. It is not a linguistic treatise but a book of didactic ethics and psychology. It deciphers the intrinsic properties of human behavior and easily visible in the external properties of modern psychology that explores. Any expression in human life is called an act. So, psychology decodes about people's actions and behaviors. It is no wonder in science but in literary treatise if factors the most; one can see the massive internal feelings and emotions of men and women in Meyppadu of “Tholkappiyam”. Psychology is an academic discipline that has been developed in today's world education. In solving people's problems, the work of psychology is essential. It helps to identify the human thoughts and practices. It also pictures life. Long back, Tholkappiyar claims emotions arising in one person overlooking the other. Listening is known as the external code of ‘meyppadu’. Psychology is the manifestation that helps us to decode such thoughts and ideas found in literature. The science of the soul psychology can reveal the events of their existence visible and apparent manifestations in terms of psychological research. This article probes such evidences from the authentic sources.

Keywords:Tholkappiyar, Meyppadu, Funtion of Emotions, Psychology.

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References

[1] Aptulkarim - Iḷaiyor Uḷaviyali, Tamiḻnaaṭṭup Paaṭanool Niṟuvaṉam, Mu.Pa. 1975.

[2] Iḷampooṇaṉ - Tolkaappiyam- Meyppaaṭṭiyal, Uvamaiyiyal, Seyyuḷiyal, Marapiyal, Kaḻaka Veḷiyeeṭu, Seṉṉai Mu.Pa. 2007.

[3] Tamiḻaṇṇal - Tolkaappiyam Moolamum Karutturaiyum, Meeṉaaṭsi Puttaka Nilaiyami Mayooraa Vaḷaakam, 48, Taaṉappa Mutali Teru, Madurai.

[4] Paalasuppiramaṇiyaṉ, Pi.Es Kalvi Uḷaviyal (Vaḷanool Tayaarippu), Tamiḻnaaṭṭup Paaṭanool Niṟuvaṉam Aasiriyar Kalvip Paṭṭayap Payiṟsi. Mu.Pa. 2001.

[5] Puliyur Kesigan. Sanka Ilakkiyam - Saarataa Patippakami Urai Puliyoorkkesikaṉ, Mutaṟpatippu.

3. திருக்குறளில் இல்வாழ்க்கை

முனைவர் சு.விஜயா கலைவாணி


Familial Life in Thirukkural

Dr.S. Vijayakalaivani

Abstract

          In the series of ‘Patinenkilkanakku’, “Thirukkural” is one of the oldest poems which emphasizes ‘non-violence’ and ‘moral vegetarianisim’ as virtues for an individual. The Thirukkural is originally titled as ‘Muppal’. The text has been categorized into three books, each with didactic teachings on life and its virtues. Aram - Dharma (virtues of life), Porul, - Artha (wealth) and Inbam - kama (love) are the basis of “Thirukkural”. The text consists of 1,330 kurals or couplets in English. “Thirukkural” has 25 chapters each comprises of 10 couplets. The book of Inbam, in full “Inbattupal” also known as the book of love, the third book or book three. The book of ‘Inbam’ expounds the virtues and emotions involved in conjugal love between a man and a woman, or the quality of an individual within the set of life and intimacy and to have disciplined love life keeping aram as the base. Hence, the article justifies the related facts from the chosen sources.

Keywords:Familial Life, Thirukkural, Valluvar. Tamil People, Life and Family.

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References

[1] Aravanan, K.P. – Atrai Natkathalum Veeramum, Pari Nilayam, Chennai – 1, 1978.

[2] Ilampooranar (U.A)–Tholkappiyam, Porulathikaram, Tirunelveli Theninthiya Saivasithantha Noorpathipagam, Ltd. Chennai – 1. 1974.

[3] Samana Munivargal–Naladiyar, Tirunelveli Theninthiya Saivasithantha Noorpathipagam, Ltd. Chennai – 1. 1972.

[4] Thiruvalluvar – Thirukural, Tirunelveli Theninthiya Saivasithantha Noorpathipagam, Ltd. Chennai – 1. 1982.

[5] Duraisamy Pillai (U.A) – Purananooru, Tirunelveli Theninthiya Saivasithantha Noorpathipagam, Ltd. Chennai – 1. 1971.

[6] Thoraivan – Thiukural Oru Arimugam, Publications Division, Telecommunication Department, Govt. of India.

[7] T.P.M. – Valluvarum Mahalirum, Sarvodhaya Ilakkia Pannai, Madurai – 1, 1983.

4. A Parallel Study of Emerson and Kannadasan

M.Jothilakshmi & Dr. T.K.Vedharaja

Abstract

          Emerson has revolted against the evil of rules prescribed by the religion of his country. His could see that people have been fooled and put in the clutches by those religious rules and it has also failed to make people realize God. He has observed that Indian religion has been doing right things with right ideas giving all freedom people and helping them to realize God much. The result of this experience of Emerson is the poem ‘Brahma’. Kannadasan from Tamil language has revolted against many evils in the society and written poems attacking them boldly. Both Emerson and Kannadasan could find the work of God behind all events in the world in many a different in unimaginable forms and have stressed it in their writing. Kannadasan like Shakespeare for drama has written innumerable playback songs containing philosophical ideas about life and the world, which is the immortal mark of Shakespeare as well as Kannadasan.hence, the article is a parallel study of the selected poems of Emerson and Kannadasan.

Keywords:Soul, Brahman, Transcendentalism, Hinduism, Immortality, Purity.

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References

[1] Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Poems.Vol. 9.New York: The Riverside Press, 1884. Print.

[2] --- The Complete works of Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature Addresses and Lectures. Vol.1-12. New York: The Riverside Press, 1884. Print.

[3] Kannadasan, S. Arthamulla Indumatham, Chennai: Kannadasan Pathippagam, 2009. Print.

[4] ---. Kannadasan Kavithaigal, Part 1&7, Chennai: Kannadasan Pathippagam, 2012. Print.

[5] Fisher, William J, H. Willard Reninger, Ralph Samuelson, K.B.Vaid, Ed. American Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Kolkata: Eurasia Publishing House Pvt.Ltd, 2002. Print.

[6] Radhakrishnan, S.The Principal Upanisads. Ed. H.D.Bewis. London: George Allen &Unwin Limited, 1953. Print.

[7] Paramananda, Swami. Emerson and Vedanta, The Vedanta Center, Mass. Ananda Ashrama, La Crecents, Los Angels           Co.,Calif.1918. //books.google.com//.

5. Unexplored Source of Source in Thirukkural

Mr.S.Kulandhaivel

Abstract

          “Thirukkural” from Tamil language gives good and right directions for walks life. It discusses the positive and negative results of various actions of men in all areas of life. The ideas of “Thirukkural” have been accepted everywhere in the world for they are common one for the entire human race. “Thirukkural” is written in couplets and in each of them a particular message about an aspect of life begins and ends. The meaning of the couplets have been analyzed and explained in detailed ways by many Tamil veteran scholars. The important point of this article is that the idea of every couplet implies the divine source of source which is the center of that idea. This fact about the couplets in “Thirukkural” becomes an example for Derrida’s concept of center which can be anywhere in the text or even somewhere out of text in his ‘Structure, Sign, and Play”.

Keywords:Couplet,Unexplored, Divinely, Source, Morals, Thirukkural.

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References

[1] Thiruvalluvar. Thirukkural. Ed. Dr.S.Meiyappan. Maivasakar Library, Chithambaram. 1999. Print.

[2] Tennyson, Alfred. The Collected Poems of Alfred Lord Tennyson. London. Strahanand Co.1869. Print.

[3] Dryden, John. An Essay of Dramatic Poesy.Ed. Thomas Arnold. London. Oxford, At the Clarendon Press. 1889. Print.

6. The Initiation Process of Wallace and Aditya as Warrior Archetypes

M.Vinoth Kumar & Dr. T.K.Vedharaja

Abstract

          The present article is a brief study on the personality of two great national heroes of Scotland and Tamil Nadu. They have been portrayed in a realistic manner by Nigel Tranter and Kalki in their novels, “The Wallace” and “Ponniyin Selvan” respectively. Every individual has initiation step as his age of profession enters. The subject of the novels is about the heroic journey of the national heroes in getting liberty and power to their nations. To justify the theme, assessment of the heroes quality becomes vital. The initiation process the beginning of the individuation process of an individual in his task. Wallace and Aditya start their career as a warrior by avenging the death of their dear ones and to quit the domination of the opponent. To note, the works “The Wallace”as “TW” and “Ponniyin Selvan” as “PS” have been abbreviated for denoting parenthetical documentation. Hence, the article brings forth the first attempt of both heroes in war field and their tenacity of keeping themselves true to their goals.

Keywords:Initiation Process, Wallace, Aditya, Warrior Archetype.

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References

[1] Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

[2] Kalki. Ponniyin Selvan. Indu Publishers, Chennai.

[3] Tranter, Nigel.The Wallace, Coronet Books, 1994.