தொகுதி - 4, சிறப்பிதழ் - 1, திசம்பர் 2021
Volume - 4 Special Issue - 1, December 2021
தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கியத்திற்காக எமது தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் (Ijtlls) தம் இலக்கிய மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி அரும்பணியைச் செம்மையாக செய்து வருகின்றது. யு.ஜி.சி. கேர் (UGC CARE), எம்.எல்.ஏ (MLA) மற்றும் டி.ஓ.ஏ.ஜே (DOAJ) போன்ற ஆய்வுத் தளங்களில் மதிப்பீடு செய்யப்பட்ட எமது ஆய்விதழில் கௌரவ சிறப்பிதழ் ஆசிரியர்களாகப் பணியாற்றிட தன்னார்வம் கொண்ட பேராசிரியர்களுக்கு வாய்ப்பளித்துள்ளது. இது தமிழ் ஆய்வுலகில் மிகச்சிறந்த பணியாகும். தமிழ்மொழியின் வளர்ச்சியினை எண்ணி செயல்பட்டு தற்கால இலக்கியம்/Modern Literature என்ற பொருண்மையில் சிறப்பிதழ் நடத்தி தரமான ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரைகளைப் பெற்று எமது ஆய்விதழ் வாயிலாக சிறப்பிதழில் பதிப்பித்தமைக்கு அகமகிழ்வடைகிறேன். மேலும், சிறப்பிதழ் ஆசிரியர்களான முனைவர் வீ.ச. அசோக் குமார், முனைவர் மா. முரளி, முனைவர் ஞா. அந்தோணிசுரேஷ், முனைவர் சு. அய்யனார் மற்றும் முனைவர் செ.சாந்தி அவர்களுக்கும் எம்மோடு இச்சிறப்பிதழ் பணியில் ஈடுபட அனுமதி அளித்த வி.இ.நா.செந்திக்குமார நாடார் கல்லூரி, விருதுநகர், காமராஜ் கல்லூரி, தூத்துக்குடி, சதக்கத்துல்லாஹ் அப்பா கல்லூரி, திருநெல்வேலி, பிஷப் ஹீபர் கல்லூரி, திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி, அழகப்பா பல்கலைக்கழகம், காரைக்குடி நிர்வாகத்தினருக்கும் எமது இதழ் சார்பாக நன்றியினை உரித்தாக்குகின்றேன். தமிழ்த்துறைப் பேராசிரியார்கள் அனைவருக்கும் எமது நன்றியினைத் தெரிவித்துக் கொள்கிறேன். தற்கால இலக்கியம் எனும் தலைப்பில் நவீன இலக்கிய உத்திகளைப் பயன்படத்தி எழுதப்பட்ட ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகளை தமிழ் ஆய்வுலகிற்குக் கொண்டுவர எத்தணித்தே இச்சிறப்பிதழ் நடத்தப்பெற்றது. அதற்கேற்றவாறு அறிவுத் தெளிவு கொண்ட ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரைகள் பெறப்பட்டு பதிப்பித்ததில் பெருமகிழ்ச்சி அடைகிறேன். ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரைகள் வழங்கி சிறப்பித்தத் தமிழ்ப்பேராசிரியர்கள், ஏனைய அனைத்து துறைப்பேராசிரியர்கள், எழுத்தாளர்கள், தமிழ் ஆர்வலர்கள் மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி மாணவர்களை மனதாரப் பாராட்டுகிறோம். தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் செம்மையாய் செயல்பட்டு ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகளை இணையத்தில் பதிப்பு செய்து வருகின்றது. எதிர்காலத்தில் தமிழ் ஆராய்ச்சிகளை உலக அரங்கத்திற்கு எடுத்துச் செல்ல ஓர் ஆய்வுக்களமாக எமது இதழ் முன்மாதிரியாகச் செயல்பட்டு வருகிறது. அதற்கு உறுதுணை அளித்த அனைவருக்கும் நன்றி.
1. அ.முத்துலிங்கம் சிறுகதைகளில் அயலகப் பண்பாடுகள்
செ. அபிராமி & முனைவர் வே. மணிகண்டன்
Diasporic Culture in A.Muthulingam’s Short Stories
S. Abirami & Dr V. Manikandan
Culture is a term associated with people, their tradition and related ideologies. Culture generally refers to the activity and organization that show the privileges and importance to cultural and traditional symbols of a society. Diasporic related cultural conflict are creating identity crisis in the lives of the settlers in the foreign countries for jobs and as refugees. Tamil people have settled as diasporas in many foreign countries. The article is planned to cull down the history, tendencies, characteristics, insights, ways of life, social structures of Tamil people settled in abroad found in the stories of the tamil writer A.Muthulingam. This crisis also includes language, food, music, religious beliefs, professions and tools too in the life of the migrated people. Hence, this article is entitled as “Diasporic Culture in A.Muthulingam’s Short Stories” to bring out the aforesaid themes from his stories.
Keywords: Diasporic Culture, A.Muthulingam, Short Stories, Language.
2. புதுமைப்பித்தன் சிறுகதைகளில் மிதவாதப் பெண்ணியம்
ஆ. அர்ச்சனா & முனைவர் இரா. மணிக்கண்ணன்
Moderate Feminism in the Short Stories of Puthumaipittan
A. Archana & Dr V. Manikannan
Feminism is the principle by which society recognizes a woman as a living being and encourages her to be given the same rights and freedoms as men. Women are the fundamental cause of the origin of the human race and its various functions in society. Their role from birth to death is significant. From ancient times the women have said a lot about women who are a part of men’s lives. However, the primary objective of feminism is to achieve the level of equality for men and women in the economy where women have the freedom they need, the ability to act on their own, the ability to break the barriers of slavery built by society. Therefore, this research paper is titled “Moderate Feminism in the Short Stories of Puthumaipittan” and explores the primary purposes of feminism through the short stories based on chastity, slavery, lust and dowry.
Keywords: Feminism, Short stories, Puthumaipiththan, Dowry abuse.
3. சுயதர்மம் நவீன நாடகப்பனுவலும் பெண்ணியக் கருத்தியலும்
ஆ. ஆதிலட்சுமி & முனைவர் வே. மணிகண்டன்
Suyadharmam Modern Dramatic Treatise and Feminism Ideology
A. Athilakshmi & Dr V. Manikandan
This article examines how myth was re-read by the Modern Tamil Writers. Many have interpreted from different perspectives and raised debates to decode the politics of theories and make the readers aware of the existing conditions. The notion is to explore how the ideology of feminism plays a vital role in “Suyadharmam Dramaic Treatise”. This article also criticizes the methodology of feministic perspectives, linguistic meanings that established by patriarchal society, differences in moral ethics based on gender and dangers of Intellectual dogmas. It provides a keen understanding on the impact of “Suyadharmam Dramatic Treatise” and its handling of feministic ideology
Keywords: Feminism, Modern Tamil Drama, Re – Reading, Mahabharatham
4. நாவல்களை முன்வைத்து ஈழத் தமிழர்களின் புலம் பெயர்வும் அகதி வாழ்வும்
கா. கவிதா & முனைவர் சோ. பாண்டிமாதேவி
Migration and Refugee Life of the Eelam Tamils with Reference to the Novels
K. Kavitha & Dr S. Pandima Devi
There is a tragic conflict between the Tamil minority and the Sinhala ethnic group in Sri Lanka and has continued in different forms of liberation struggle over the past forty years. This migration has taken place overseas from Sri Lanka to various countries like India, European nations and Australia. The Tamil people as diasporas and refugees has endured lots of critical crisis in their lives. The writers register such events of the people in their creations and portray the voyages, experiences and misery that occurred during this migration. This article seeks to explore the maritime diaspora experiences and challenges the Eelam Tamils face as refugees in the novels Kalinga, Survival, and Ethel.
Keywords: Eelam Tamils, Migration, Refugee, Novels, Challenges.
5. கொ.மா.கோதண்டம் நாவலில் சங்க கால மக்கள் வாழ்வியல்
திருமதி செ. செல்லப்பாண்டி & முனைவர் மு. சுதனா
The Life Style of the Sangam People in the Novels of Ko. Ma. Kothantam
Mrs. C. Chellapandi & Dr M.Suthana
One can understand that the Kurunji Land people live a lifestyle of the Sangam People who lived amidst natural bountiness. The habits of the people have become into the cultural-tradition of the people. It may be called as heritage of a society. Knowing the life of the people belong to the Sangam Period corresponds to the life of them lived in ecological friendliness. From an anthropological point of view, the contemporary literatures have obtained the life of the people of the sangam period. The purpose of Ko. Ma. Kothantam novels inform the people about the beliefs of the Kurunji (hill) people, hospitality, professional events and the other life matters that the people of the Sangam and the present people who lives in hilly regions.
Keywords: Ko. Ma. Kothantam , Sangam People, Modern people in hilly regions.
6. சென்ரியு கவிதைகளின் பொருண்மைகள்
வீ. ஞான செளந்தரி & முனைவர் வே. மணிகண்டன்
Concepts of Senriyu Poems
V. Gnana Soundari & Dr V. Manikandan
Senriyu poems are created on the basis of humanity. Senriyu is a new literary form derived from Haiku. Senriyu has a tendency to act independently of the restrictions of Haiku such as nature, zen principles, lofty style, and goal. Although Haiku and Senriyu are three-dimensional poems, they are conceptually different. Senriyu poetry is distinguished from other poetic literatures by the expressive nature of Senriyu langue related to mankind, which is created by words used by man in practice. Senriyu terms include truth telling, composition, humor, humor, narration, and motto are discussed in detail in this article.Hence, this article decodes the concepts of the Senriyu genre in Tamil.
Keywords: Senriyu, Humanity, Humor, Amusement, Riddle.
7. அந்தோன் செகாவ்வின் படைப்புப் பின்புலம்
முனைவர் பா. தமிழரசி
The Creative Background of Anton Chekhov
Chekhov is a well-known writer in the Tamil community and world literature in Tamil translation. His ‘Chameleon’ story is very popular. Chekhov's life is as tragic as his stories. Loneliness is the main theme in all his stories. In addition, he has meticulously written about how women deal with loneliness of life. The focus of his stories is as subtle as how the family is tasteless, power struggle, hypocrisy of the rich and the ignorance of the doctors. Chekhov has made excellent use of the conscious technique in his stories. His is simple without stylized language. In thinking about alternative education, he also ran a school to implement it but not successful. Modern Tamil short stories were created under the influence of Russian literature. Chekhov has an essential role to play in that. This article aims to explore Chekhov's creative background.
Keywords: Anton Chekhov, Grounds for creation, Loneliness.
8. உளப்பகுப்பாய்வு நோக்கில் ஜெயமோகனின் நவீன நாடகப்பிரதி பதுமை
பா.நித்தியா & முனைவர் இரா. மணிக்கண்ணன்
Psychoanalytical Approach on Jeyamohan’s Modern Drama Pathumai
B. Nithiya & Dr V. Manikannan
This article examines on the mpact of Psychoanalytic Criticism in theModern Tamil Drama “Pathumai”and portrays how the Tamil writer Jeyamohan uses Psychoanalytic criticism to rebute the Mahabharatha Myth. His ideas on the myths and its function on the modern dramatic texts are very important to learn and understand. It is significant to estimate how the current writers’ rebute the themes of Mahabharatha for their themes. In fact, this article also interprets Oedipus complex, Sublimation and other Psychoanalytic elements resent in the Modern Drama Text “Pathumai”.
Keywords: Modern Tamil Drama, Myth, Reconstruct, Mahabharatha, Psychoanalysis.
9. கடலுக்குள்ளே...கடலுக்குள்ளே நவிலும் மீனவர்களின் வாழ்வியல் சூழல்
முனைவர் நே. நிஷாநேவிஸ்
The Life Environment of the Fishermen Community in Kadalukkulle… Kadalukkulle
Dr N. NishaNavis
The fishermen community (Neithal People) of the Tamil land are a native set of people with a long historical tradition and cultural significance. These people are world famous for pearl trade in Tamil Nadu. One upon a time, they had business relations with many foreign countries. One of the sangam poems is about heroism and love of the fisherman community. In the middle Ages, these people fell for a number of reasons. The continuation of that fall is still in people’s lives. Today, the problems faced by fishermen community are poverty, inequal economy, inequality, marine risks and problems. They face untold miseries. The fishermen society endures illiteracy, violence and women status continues to be very poor and pathetic. child labor status is also prevalent. These situations have been complied into a short story anthology based on the experiences of the short story writer C. Berlin. This article delineates the chose themes of the study.
Keywords: Meenavan, Kudumba Soolal, Varumai Nilai, Kalviinmai, Thozhil Porattam.
10. மணிரத்னம் திரைப்படங்களில் பாத்திரப்படைப்பாக்க முறைகள்
ந.மூ.பிரணிதா & முனைவர் வே. மணிகண்டன்
Characterization in the Films of Maniratnam
N.M.Pranitha & Dr V. Manikandan
This study focuses on the art of characterization methods in the films of Maniratnam. There are five strategies for creating a character in a film and that are specified in particular. they are Character count, Character development, Character introduction, Character naming, and Character ending. These are the five strategies used in every successful film and maniratnam has used it in a keen manner. The ideology is discussed here. Along with this, the paper also explores how the eminent irector Maniratnam has created the characters in his films that gave him a great success. This article aims to give a structured comparison of the five techniques of Character creation and the characters that had been created by the Director Maniratnam in his films “Anjali”, “Roja”, “Thalapathi” and “Bombay”.
Keywords:Maniratnam, Films, Characterization.
11. ஆண்டாள் பிரியதர்ஷினியின் சிறுகதைகளில் சரஸ்வதி
முனைவர் க. புஷ்பலதா
Saraswathi in Andal Priyadarshini’s Short Stories
In more than twenty short stories of Andal Priyadharshini, the character name ‘Saraswathi’ has been used. The characters Saraswathi is characterised as lovable, courageous, truthful, self-confidence, forgivable, reality, nature of struggle. The character is shown with improved lifestyle and with great humanity. In Andal Priyadharshini’s stories, ‘Saraswathi’ character is witnessed for her strong feminine qualities. It signifies the modern woman of Bharathi and relies as a true model of the present women generation. It creates a space for the saraswathi archetype in the Tamil literary scenario. Today’s generation of women needs such role model to keep their lives bold and courageous with other virtues.Hence, the article deciphers the virtues of the character ‘Saraswathi’ and the ideology behind the works of Priyadharshini.
Keywords: Andal Priyadharshini, Saraswathi, Self Confidence, Women Excellence.
12. ஜீவா கவிதைகளில் தொழிலாளர் சிந்தனைகள்
முனைவர் ஜோ. பென்னி
Marxist Thoughts in the Poems of Jeeva
Dr J. Benny
Workers are the backbone of the society, just as the plowman is the backbone of the world. As the number of businesses in India grew, so did the number of unions that sought to secure workers' security, such as job security, pay rises, medical care, provident funds, and incentives. In addition, a number of Marxist leaders appeared to guide the workers. As far as Tamil Nadu is concerned, Jeeva has a lot more to be proud of than the Commonwealth Party and the trade unions who have done their heartfelt service and alleviated the suffering of the workers. Thus he did not consider selfishness and the whole first cause is humanity and was deeply rooted in him to work for the welfare of the workers. In those days workers, lived in a miserable condition where they had to work as slaves to their employers, earning low wages, without even having specific working hours. Jeeva was the one who changed that and brought many changes and stages of development in the lives of the workers. He was well-acquainted with all, regardless of caste, creed or color, and had the nature to embrace all with brotherly affection. Jeeva can be found wherever workers strike. Labor leader Jeeva was called because he worked for the progress of the workers to that extent. This article decodes the Marxian ideas in the poems of Jeeva.
Keywords: Jeeva Kavithaigal, Thozhilaalar, Varumainilai, Adimai Vazhvu, Ontrupaduthal
13. டாக்டர் தா.ஏ.ஞா. அவர்களின் மூன்று நாடகங்கள்
Dr.T.E.G. and his Three Plays
Like Dr.Mu.Va. who wrote several books in Tamil, Dr. T.E. Gnanamurthy also had written many works, especially literary books, research books, plays, novels, short stories and more than a hundred essays. Dr.Mu.Va.'s novels have received a special place in the Tamil literary genre. They sowed the seeds of prosperity for the Tamil community. Most of the novels written by Dr.Mu.Va. focusess on the metropolis of Chennai and a diverse population were well received by the younger generation at that time. Similarly, Dr. T.E.G’s works are are based in Coimbatore. His plays have captivated the younger generation of Coimbatore and have been performed many times in reputed colleges by the college students. Hence, this article investigates the three main plays of Dr. T.E.G
Keywords: Gananamurthi, Three Plays, Tamil Scholar, PSG Arts.
14. இணையத்தமிழ் இதழ்களில் படைப்பிலக்கியத் தொகுப்புமுயற்சிகள்
கோ. ஸ்ரீவித்யா & முனைவர் வே. மணிகண்டன்
Creative Compilation Efforts in online Tamil Magazines
G. Srividhya & Dr V. Manikandan
Internet Tamil is another evolution of the words of Tamil literature. Advances in technology have taken the development of the media to the next level. Olai chuvadi (Paml leaflets) turned into pages and today it has grown to internet Tamil. As far as the internet is concerned, Internet users living in many parts of the world have the power to access online Tamil magazines easily. They are able to publish works, conduct literary discussions and exchange ideas instantly in online Tamil magazines uploaded on the Internet, which serves as a mine of information. Most of the online magazines focus on creativity. This article explores the stages in which creative compilation efforts are compiled in online journals through the study of the online journals Thinnai, Pathivukal, Nilasaaral and Vaarppu.
Keywords: Online Tamil magazines, Thinnai, Pathivukal, Nilasaaral, Vaarppu.
15. பாரதியார் போற்றிய கவியரசி
திருமதி த.விஜயலெட்சுமி & முனைவர் அ. மேகன்ராஜ்
Bharathiyar Pottiya Kaviyarasi
Mrs T. Vijaya Lakshmi & Dr A. Mohanraj
Bharatiyar was a fighter for women's liberation along with national liberation. Bharathi says women should fight for women's liberation. For that, women need education. Only when women are educated they will get the benefits of development such as family, community, country and nation continue to accumulate. Avaiyar is a pioneer in the creation of many literatures. She had impresed the king and all the people to follow her ideas and are quoted in literature. To this day, Avai's literature is a source of praise and goodwill. Everyone who reads and listens with the simple sweet words that will last forever will benefit. Bharathi says it is foolish to lose the literature of Avvai and it is tough to recreate it again. Therefore, Bharatiyar is astonished to see Avai’s message of Mukti in one sentence. He points out that Avai’s excellence is because of her education. Therefore, he wants the women of Tamil Nadu educated, gives a long explanation to the historical venpa and makes them proud. Bharti's dream of woman becoming an achiever is coming true today.
Keywords: பாரதியார், கவியரசி, இல்வாழ்க்கை, பெண் கல்வி.
16. சு. வேணுகோபாலின் செங்காட்டுக் கதைகளில் ‘பெண் தன்னிலைகள்’
முனைவர் ந. இரத்தினக்குமார்
Women Status in the Senkaatu Stories of Su. Venugopal
Dr N. Rathinakumar
Tamil regional writing has been started from the writings of R. Shanmugasundaram and was later disseminated by various writers like C. Su. Sellappa (Madurai region), Karisal region (K. Rajanarayanan), Vandal region (T. Janagraman, Muthu), Nanjil Nadu (Nanjil Nadan). They are epitomes of ‘modern writing’ and write about the ethnic groups living there and their main life. Theni area, the red land is called as ‘Senkaadu’. Agriculture is the main livelihood of the people. The area is inhabited by various ethnic groups and had been adapted by the accumulation of immigrants outside of Tamil Nadu. Su. Venugopal, S. Senthilkumar, Uma Maheshwari, Ma. Kamuthurai, Theni Serutaiyan are some important writers who portray the life style of the people of Theni Region. Mostly, they are immigrants and of different ethnic groups. This article discusses about the place of women that makes up S. Venugopal's 'Red Fictions'.
Keywords: Su. Venugopal, Senkaadu, Estimation, Plot, Women Status.
17. கீழ்குளம் வில்லவன் கவிதைகளில் சமூகச் சிந்தனைகள்
முனைவர் பா. ம ஜெயகலா
Social Thoughts in the Poetry of Kilkulam Villavan
Dr P.M. Jayakala
Keelkulam Villavan has taken up social evils and created awareness among the people through his works. He pointed out that caste and religious fanaticism that degrades people. He points out that women are considered as slaves and commodities in the society, especially poor women are most affected by dowry and that poor women who cannot pay dowry live as mature virgins without getting married. He also points out the miserable lives of people who depend on the sea. He also denounced the government for not caring about the lives of its citizens and for living a life of selfishness. She has sown self-confidence in the youth through the works. Working workers are still laborers today. Workers think that the employer should not become a laborer. However, the bosses are bent on not letting the workers become the bosses. The working class is working day by day and never gets the fruits of their labour. However, the bourgeoisie is taking its place on the throne. Those who are responsible for the production of all goods do not benefit from the use of materials. There is a condition that the worker is one who never enjoys the benefit of the other. Villavan creates interest on poor people and insist them to educate themselves. He seeks to change society through his poetry.
Keywords: Villavan, Poetry, Dowry, Jobless State, Social Change.
18. பொன்னீலனின் பிச்சிப்பூ நாவலில் பண்பாட்டுக்கூறுகள்
Cultural Elements in Ponnilan’s ‘Pichipoo’ Novel
Sahitya Akademi Award winning Kumari writer Ponnilan has taken up the topic of cultural elements in his ‘Pichippoo’ novel. The novel tells the story of the culture and customs of the Nadar people of Kumari district who were once oppressed people. The novel also deciphers the temple entry struggle, caste oppression and other social evils employed upon the particular community of those times. Indeed, the novel focuses on feminism and emphasizes social revolution and social change. Hence, the article investigates on the cultural elements to decode the proposed ideas from the novel.
Keywords: Cultural Elements, Ponnilan, Pichipoo, Novel.
19. மங்கையின் பனித்தீ - மீள்புனைவாக்கமும் நவீன நாடகப்பனுவலாக்கமும்
ச. ஹேம பூஜா & முனைவர் இரா. மணிக்கண்ணன்
Mangai’s Paniththee – Re-reading and Modern Drama Textualization
S. Hema Pooja & Dr R. Manikannan
The theoretical thinking of feminism has had a tremendous impact on various spheres of human life. Feminist ideology stands for the fact that all fields such as history, myth, and culture, need to be re-read. Feminist readings on myths continue to emerge in various levels. In addition to this, in the ‘Mahabharata’, the author of the Ambai myth, A. Mangai has been transformed into a modern drama by the name of ‘Paniththee’. The play explores the openness with which the play criticizes the ‘Mahabharata’ and the feminist voice of the copy within the transformation and the system in which the text is based on concepts such as the critique of male domination, the seizure of power, the autonomy of woman, and the parody of male fiction.
.Keywords: Mangai, Paniththee, Feminism, Modern Tamil Drama, Re – reading.
20. தர்மம் நவீன நாடகப்பனுவலும் இருத்தலியமும்
கு.ரோஸ்மின் & முனைவர் இரா. மணிக்கண்ணன்
Dharmam Modern Drama Text and Existentialism
K. Rosemine & Dr R. Manikannan
Indira Parthasarathy is considered as a notable fiction writer and playwright in Tamil. He has created fiction and modern drama on the themes of middle class issues, the absurdities of urban life and myths and historical retellings. ‘Dharmam’ is a modern dramatic adaptation of the story of Ashwattaman from the epic ‘Mahabharata’ through a retelling technique. This article examines the politics of dramatization. It fits the myth of the Sisyphus myth based on the human condition in the human world. Furthermore, this article explores the nature of the concepts of alienation, absurdity and borderline emergence in the drama ‘Dharmam’.
Keywords: Existentialism, Modern Tamil Drama, Re – reading, Mahabharatha.