தொகுதி - 5, சிறப்பிதழ் - 1, நவம்பர் 2022
Volume - 5 Special Issue - 1, November 2022
Articles 01- 60
தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கியத்திற்காக எமது தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் (Ijtlls) தம் இலக்கிய மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி அரும்பணியைச் செம்மையாகச் செய்து வருகின்றது. யு.ஜி.சி. கேர் (UGC CARE), எம்.எல்.ஏ (MLA) மற்றும் டி.ஓ.ஏ.ஜே (DOAJ) போன்ற ஆய்வுத் தளங்களில் மதிப்பீடு செய்யப்பட்ட எமது ஆய்விதழில் கௌரவ சிறப்பிதழ் ஆசிரியர்களாகப் பணியாற்றிட தன்னார்வம் கொண்ட பேராசிரியர்களுக்கு வாய்ப்பளிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. மேலும், இச்சிறப்பிதழில் பெருமைமிகு பல்கலைக்கழகங்கள், கல்லூரிகள் மற்றும் ஆய்விதழ்களில் இருந்து பங்கு கொண்ட பேராசிரியர்கள் சிறந்த கட்டுரைகளை வழங்கியமைக்கு நன்றியைத் தெரிவித்துக் கொள்கிறேன். பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரைப் பற்றி தொகுக்கப்பட்ட இச்சிறப்பிதழ் தமிழ் ஆய்வுலகில் மிகச்சிறந்த பணியாகும். தமிழ்மொழியின் வளர்ச்சியினை எண்ணிச் செயல்பட்டு தமது காலத்தை அற்பணித்த வள்ளலைப் பெருமைப்படுத்துவதாகப் பேராசிரியர் முனைவர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் பன்முக ஆளுமை என்ற பொருண்மையில் சிறப்பிதழைத் தொகுத்து தரமான 60 ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரைகளைப் பெற்று ஆய்வு நெறிமுறைகளின்படி தணிக்கைச் செய்யப்பட்டு, மதிப்புரை வழங்கி, செம்மைப்படுத்தி இணையத்தில் எமது ஆய்விதழ் வாயிலாக சிறப்பிதழாகப் பதிப்பித்தமைக்கு அகமகிழ்வடைகிறேன். ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரைகள் வழங்கி சிறப்பித்தத் தமிழ்ப்பேராசிரியர்கள், எழுத்தாளர்கள், தமிழ் ஆர்வலர்கள் மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி மாணவர்களை மனதாரப் பாராட்டுகிறோம். தமிழ்மொழி மற்றும் இலக்கிய பன்னாட்டு ஆய்விதழ் / International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies செம்மையாய் செயல்பட்டு ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகளை இணையத்தில் பதிப்பு செய்து வருகின்றது. எதிர்காலத்தில் தமிழ் ஆராய்ச்சிகளை உலக அரங்கத்திற்கு எடுத்துச் செல்ல ஓர் ஆய்வுக்களமாகவும் செயல்பட்டு வருகிறது. அதற்கு உறுதுணை அளித்த அனைவருக்கும் நன்றி.
- முனைவர் த.மகேஸ்வரி,
1. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் அறவியல் சிந்தனைகள்
அ. அக்ஸிலியா மேரி
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Virtuous Thoughts
A. Auxilia Mary
The word ‘Virtue’ has a broad meaning. It can include all the good deeds by man. It is interesting to note that in Tamil literature, the practice of virtue, both in personal and public Tamil culture, is manifested. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar’s references from typical texts such as “Tolkappiyam”, “Nannul”, Sangam literature, and “Aimperumkappiyam” etc. are worth notable. The author’s knowledge of religious literature is well expressed when he deals with didactic and devotional literature. In particular, the in-depth training in Vaishnava literature and traditions aids the research study. The author explains the virtues of love and the evils caused by selfishness and states that to live and praise the virtues of thought, speech, and action, one must have the power to keep the mind, language and conscience under his control. Being jealous does not make you resourceful and never leads to progress. Moreover, those who are jealous have not advanced in their life anytime. “When the heart is rotten by the dirt, the people are pleased by the dirt; Lord!” the critical claim of Thayumaanavar, needs to be given thought says the author. There were many witnesses in those ancient days when people lived a life of apostasy. They enlightened the earthy king and the common people raising them to righteousness. Even in the War attrition, virtuous policies have been strictly adhered. N. Subbu Reddiar, rightly points out the pride of the scholars and great thinkers of the ancient virtuous life. As long as there is ignorance and hypocrisy in life, all the misery that does not exist, would seem to be existing and thus cause great anxiety and fear. It would also stumble anyone without knowing the way to get rid of the suffering within. Therefore, the author says that well-being requires consciousness and the elimination of illusions. If we think deeply, we will know that all evils are born out of anger which is contrary to the grace of renunciation, and he suggests abandoning anger. Speaking of hospitability, the author’s reference to today’s luxuries that take place in the name of hospitability and the inability to provide real warmth serves as an example of his analytic insightfulness. This article explores Prof. Subbu Reddiar’s multifaced perspective of presenting the didactic virtuous thoughts in his works.
Keywords: Virtue, Anger, Hospitability, Ignorance, Amazement.
2. பேராசிரியரும் பாரதீயமும்
முனைவர் தெ. அகிலா
Peraasiriyarum and Bharatheeyamum
Dr. D. Akila
Although politics has been implicit in mythology from the Sangam period to the late nineteenth century, it has been passionately expressed in Bharati's poetry. Bharathi lived as one of those who tried to live without gaps in word and deed. Bharathi was a prolific writer who spoke out about the tragedies of life and gave a voice to the liberation of the common people. He is considered to be the forerunner of modern Tamil literature, who uprooted the paralyzed literature of the Yamagam and Madakku pa types among the ancient poets. Content studies of Bharathi's poems have been conducted by various scholars for critical purposes. Periyasamy Dooran's 1982 book “Bharathiyar’s Works a Review” and in 2006, a collection of essays titled “Bharatheeyam” by poet Meera are good examples. In it, Bharathi's content is shown in the national concept in the article “Towards Bharathi's Center of literary Creation” written by Tamilavan. On Bharati's literary theory, Dr. Sachithanandam, Dr. Manuel, Dr. Ka. Meenakshi Sundaram and Dr.C., Kanakasabapathy have researched the perspectives of the Formalistic Approach and Appreciative Method. They compare Bharti's theory of poetry with Wordsworth's ideas in English literature and establish that Bharti's theory belongs to the genre of Romantic Theory. This article examines Professor Subbu Reddiar’s versatility that highlights the strengths of the ten essays written by Professor in his work “Bharatheeyam”. Moreover, Bharathiyar is shown as the pioneer of Modern poetry and the father of lyrical poetry of dialogues has been` highlighted by Professor Subbu Reddiar is justified in the research article.
Keywords: Bharati, Literary Policy, Professor, Vaishnava Explanation, Scientific Overview.
3. பேராசிரியர் நூல்களில் அணிந்துரைகள்
முனைவர் சி. அருள் செல்வம்
Foreword in the Texts Written by Professor
Dr. S. Arul Selvam
‘Agathin Alagu Mugathil theriyum’ is a classic proberb. According to Nannular, it is not an exaggeration to say that what one wears is a smile, inner beauty, a gentle face, and the foreword is also like that for a book. A foreword of the book is the glory of the book and explains about the book in a precise manner, That is, it introduces the book to everyone and enables them an opportunity to know the essence of the book. It gives an understanding of the book and not a criticism or praise written about the book. Before writing a foreword for a book, the main thing to be noted is the personality of the reviewers for that book. V. Subha Manikanar, who had written a foreword to Professor N. Subburettiyar's book “Agathinai Kolgaigal” (Inner Principles), says that the reason for his work was that he knew about the indepth knowledge of professor’s scientific thinking. That is, the main purpose of the foreword and it introduces the book to everyone and giving them an opportunity to know the essence of the book in a clear manner. This article examines the merits of the forewords written by most respected scholars including the former Vice-Chancellor Madurai Kamaraj University, Prof. V. Subha Manickam to great writers such as Avvai Natarasan, Kamban Adisoodi Phala. Pahalaniappan (student of Professor N.Subburettiyar) to the classic works of N. Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Foreword, Foreword Writers, Forwords in Subbu Reddiar’s Works.
4. பேராசிரியரின் இல்லற நெறி
முனைவர் மு. அனு
Domestic Ethics as Evinced by Professor
Dr. M. Anu
Human life is said to be intertwined with three events namely birth, marriage and death. These three events orderly take place in the first phase, middle phase and final phase of one’s life. All communities give importance to these three events. Birth and death occur to all living creatures that emerged on earth. The event of marriage belongs only to the human being. All civilized people have many restrictions and customs on marriage. Marriage is a social construct that seeks to know about the relationship between two minds, body, soul, revolt, emotion and about its spirituality. Marriage transforms a man from a husband to a father and a woman from a wife to a mother, giving them a higher status, responsibility, duty and entitlement in society. Marriage is the reason for the disappearance of the selfish thought ‘I am, mine’ and the appearance of good thought 'we are, ours'. Marriage binds two bodies as one life, it’s a cure for loneliness and purifies love emotions. Professor Subbu Reddiar had already realized the essential virtues to know about human anatomy for good domestic life. The present research explores and analyses the importance of life stages, human anatomy, physical elements, emotions, the superiority of the husband-wife relationship, its scientific perspective, psychological counseling, and guidance and provides suggestions for leading better domestic life with the ideas evinced by Subbu Reddiar. In this regard, the study seeks to examine Professor N.Subbureddiar’s way of evincing domestic ethics for society in a universal approach.
Keywords: Professor N.Subbureddiar, Marriage, Husband - Wife Relationship, Domestic Ethics.
5. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் பிழை திருத்தக் குறிப்புகள்
முனைவர் மா. ஆசியாதாரா
N. Subbu Reddiar’s Contribution to Error Correction
Dr. M. Asiathara
Speaking and writing a language without error is an important factor in language development. However, it can be noticed that even native Tamil speakers make errors in written Tamil. In his book ‘Tamil Payittrum Murai’ (Tamil Teaching Methodology), Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar is keen that the Tamil community will be able to handle their language more accurately by correcting errors during their childhood days. He has described the errors that can occur in written Tamil in contextual situations, correcting methods and the contribution of the ones who are involved in correction. This article, ‘N. Subbu Reddiar’s Contribution to Error Correction’ is based on three variants; spelling, word and sentence error corrections. N. Subbu Reddiar demonstrates misspellings caused by wrong pronunciation, inattention, and coarse language; Glossary errors caused by colloquial Tamil, lack of education, and use of the vernacular; and Syntactic errors caused by the wrong formation of verbs and the improper applications of conjunction/ case/ suffix/ auxiliary verbs. He also describes the methods of correction. He also points out the errors that arise in semantic contexts also. He combined the contribution of teachers and students in eliminating errors. The suggestions for correcting such as teaching the correct pronunciation, establishing grammatical knowledge, and repeated writing practice are being explored in this article. He lists misspellings, vernacular words, coarse words as well as corrections. This article examines what kinds of errors have been corrected by N.Subbu Reddiar. It also reveals N. Subbu Reddiar's deep linguistic ability, sound knowledge of teacher-student psychology, and his focus on transmitting the Tamil language to the next generation.
Keywords: N.Subbu Reddiar, Error correction, alphabetic error, word error, sentence error, Correction exercises.
6. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் கல்வி உளவியல் கோட்பாடுகளின் வழி சிறாரியம்
N. Subbu Reddiar’s Principles of Educational Psychology in the Perspective of Children
N. Subbu Reddiar's love and involvement in education and educating children can be found in the book “Kalvi Ulaviyalin Koatpaaadugal” (The Principles of Educational Psychology). Through this book, we can know his concern for the future of society. This can be deduced from the fact that the entire book is carefully addressed to children under each heading. It also explains how a teacher dealing with children should act with examples. It also establishes that an excellent teacher is the only way to better explain the interpretations of education, psychology, etc. In the nature and measurement of psychology, the researcher finds that measurement is a new interpretation of N. Subbu Reddiar's logical thinking. His understanding of the relationship between psychology and educational psychology, and the purpose for which educational psychology is well established, enables one to understand his subtle field by interpreting the relationship psychology has with other disciplines. His knowledge in the field of science shows him as a scientist in the areas of man and circumstance, psychology and physiology. It explains the different age-based divisions, learning, modules involved in learning, types of learning, specialization of stimuli, individual differences, abnormal behaviors, etc., each with a clear understanding of the mass defects and discipline assessments and their way. Subbu Reddiar makes better instruction on the conditions that occur among children at certain educational levels.
Keywords: Subbu Reddiar, Educational Psychology, Childhood, Learning Development.
7. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் மொழிபெயர்ப்புத்திறன்
மோ. இந்துமா & முனைவர் செ. ஹேமலதா
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Translation Skills
M. Induma & Dr. S. Hemalatha
Humans used language as a tool to convey their ideas to one another but today there are many different languages in the world. As languages are different, so are the culture, civilization, and customs of the people who exist in the world. The literature also varies according to their lives. Translation becomes essential for other languages to understand the literature of another language. Translation is the process of translating literature from one language to another. Translators are those who translate literary work from one language to another language. Translators can also translate ideas from one language to another in the original sense. It is also possible to learn about the specialities of the language, customs and cultures of the people. Translators who translate in this way have the same qualifications, obligations and rights. Some skills are essential for the translator. It is those skills that make translation literature successful. He becomes the best translator only if the translated literature is successful. The translator’s relevant skills can be identified through his translated literature. Translational grammar and translational theories can be used to examine translated literature and find the characteristics and features of translated literature. Did a translation succeed with this? Or Failed? You can also find out. It also reveals the skills of the translator. Through this, one can know not only the skill of the translator but also the literal and technical features of the translated literature. Translation can be scientific, literary, or philosophical. But with the involvement of the translator and his experience in the field, it is possible to translate from one language to another. Translators must be proficient in both the source language and the translation language. Translators need to be familiar with bilingual traditions and translate literature. Subbu Reddiar is one of the famous translators of his time. He was an avid reader and had an interest in reading western ideas and philosophy. He has rendered ultimate knowledge to Tamil from other languages. The purpose of this research is to explore the translation literature of Professor Subbu Reddiar through translation theories, policies, etc. to show his translation ability.
Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Translation literature, Professor’s translation skills.
8. பேராசிரியரின் திறனாய்வில் கவிமணி
Kavimani in Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Review
Kavimani is one of the most admired twentieth century poets in the literary world after Bharathi and Bharathidasan. The evaluation of Kavimani Desikavinayakam Pillai has been done by Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar. Therefore, this review article is based on the book "An Evaluation of Kavimani's Tamil Work" by Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar. The book reveals the potential of two personalities. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar's performance skills and Kavimani's Tamil works are clearly explained. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar states that Kavimani's Tamil works are suitable for children education. Following Sundarar's "Thiruthonda Thogai" which explained the greatness of other poets, Kavimani also sung about the pride of the poets. So, he was considered as the one who cherished Tamil tradition. The poem which Kavimani wrote for Bharathiyar appraises the value of criticism so Kavimani is exaggerated as the poet who gave the poem as a criticism. He also states that Kavimani instills human values through nature. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar considers Kavimani is a great philosopher and theologian. He appreciates Kavimani’s poem as it tends the reader to visualize what they read. He also compliments Kavimani as he presents his poem being fascinated by the nature. In this way, Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar has reviewed Kavimani's Tamil work with his descriptive, analytical, compilation, comparative and psychological critiques and he also had the ability to interpret the poet's vision in Tamil that is based on a number of factors such as being a reviewer, as well as being an elite scholar, with an in-depth knowledge of literature, the ability to penetrate aesthetic sense, the ability to see what is in literature, the multifaceted scholarship, and the neutrality of likes and dislikes. Hence, this article explores the critical views of Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar on the works and ideals of Kavimani Desikavinayakam Pillai.
Keywords: Kavimani, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Review.
9. பேராசிரியரின் பார்வையில் வள்ளலாரின் அறிவியல் தமிழ் உயிரியக்கக் கோட்பாடுகள்
முனைவர் இரா. கண்ணன்
Vallalarar’s Scientific Tamil Biological Theories in the View of Professor
Dr. R. Kannan
This article is based on the study of the great saint Vallalarar’s ideas of scientific Tamil biological theories from the viewpoint of Professor N. Subbu Reddiar. Vallalar was the one who elicited the biological thoughts of the ancient Tamils and established the principle that all communities should live in harmony by eliminating caste, religion and race discrimination and establishing a pure moral code of reconciliation. He was considered the beacon of the nineteenth century to eradicate poverty. He was the first to wage war on poverty next to Manimegalai. His principle was to measure the universe through his works on philanthropy, individual morality, humanity, psychiatry, and the doctrines of the five principles through his works “Thiruvarupa” and “Manumurai Kandavasakam”. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar is a great scholar of Divine Literature in Tamil. He has a moral taste for moral ethics and philosophy. He had widely studied the Bhakti literature of Tamil literature. He introduced many saints to Tamil readers and scholars. One such epic sail is the study of Vallalar. He had made the life and philosophy of Vallalar in front of the readers in a grasping way. Hence, this article ponders over the stance of Professor Reddiar on the ideals of Vallalar.
Keywords: N. Subbu Reddiar and Vallalar, Scientific Tamil, Biological Principles.
10. பேராசிரியரும் திருவேங்கடத் தமிழ்த்துறையும்
முனைவர் பூ. சு. கணேஷ்மூர்த்தி
Professor Contribution to Tamil Department of Sri Venkateswara University
Dr. P. S. Ganeshmoorthy
Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar was a well-writer known for his contribution to Tamil Studies. It is well known that he set foot in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, and pursued Tamil development as his career and started his career as a lecturer in the Department of Tamil at Sri Venkateswara University in 1960 and later as Associate Professor later promoted to Professor and Head of the Department of Tamil. He served for seventeen years and undertook many development projects for the Tamil language and students. Subbu Reddiar made his career in Tamil development and started his career as a lecturer in the Department of Tamil at Sri Venkateswara University in Tirupati. There is a need to know about the background of the University system. In Tirupati, there is a system called University College. It also functions under a Principal. All the departments are under the charge of the Principal. Every two or three years one of the Professors will be the principal on a rotating basis. The professor applauded this method and served so for the purpose. To encourage students to study well, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar after the inception of the Tamil Department, Professor put the name of the great poet Thiruvalluvar to the ‘Gold Medal Committee’ to consider placing a Gold medal on the student who received the first total marks in the MA. Tamil Postgraduate examination and a gold medal on the MA.Tamil student who received the first mark on the literature review paper. He served in such a manner and was revered by the students and appreciated by the Tamil academics and researchers for seventeen years.
Keywords: Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar, Tamil Department, Sri Venkateswara University, Teaching.
11. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் சைவக் கொடை
முனைவர் வி. கவிதா
Contributions of Professor Na. Subbu Reddiar on ‘Saivam’
Dr. V. Kavitha
Most of the literary works in Tamil focuses on Saivam, out of these ‘Panniru Thirumuraigal’ & ‘Saivam Principles’ are noteworthy. Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar presents his literature in a simple language with clarity. This article highlights Subbu Reddiar’s literary contribution to Saivam, "Saivamum Tamilum" – presents an overall view on Saivam. Professor has expressed the historic heritage of Saivam through his quotes which explicits that Professor has a splendid command over Tamil. He has also listed a catalogue of books- titled with the creators and their biography, that describes the greatness of ‘Panniru Thirumuraigal’, mythological literature etc. The book “Moovar Thevaram Pudhiya Parvai” – First chapter describes the history and origin of “Panniru Thirumuraigal”. Subbu Reddiar has quoted from “Thevaram” sung by Appar, Sambandhar and Sundharar - a few verses which highlights the significance, affectations and its effects. In the second part entitled ‘Pansumandha Thevara Padalgal’, Professor has presented a new perspective & deeply analysed the poetical structure which is evident that he has a strong knowledge in music too. In ‘Saivasithandham Oru Arimugam’, professor has clearly explained the principles and philosophy in a simple language. The philosophy of Saivam is known as Saivasithandham and the principles – ‘Padhi’, ‘Pasu’ and ‘Paasam’ are elaborated. “Saiva Samaya Vilakku” also bestows Saivasithandham hymns in simple style which is portayed as an elderly person composing a letter to a youth about the meaning of ‘Padhi, Pasu and Paasam’. Sadhanaiiyal, Payiraviyal and Vazhipatiyal elaborate on Saivam and the methods of worship.
Keywords: Saivam, Padhi, Pasu, Paasam, Saivasithandham.
12. பேராசிரியர் பார்வையில் கவிமணியின் தமிழ்ப்பணி
முனைவர் கே. பி. கனிமொழி
Kavimani's Contribution to Tamil from the Perspective of Na. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. K. B. Kanimozhi
Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar is a famous Tamil scholar, great writer and a great intellectual who shaped Tamil Literature by his writings. He is proud to have made his mark in the development of Tamil studies by delving deep into various fields like literature, science, psychology, pedagogy, religion and society. He had written 135 books and they have been nationalized by the Tamil Nadu Government. During the period when Tamil sentiment started to rise, Prof. Bharatiyar wrote a critical review of Bharathidasan's songs. Similarly, this book 'Kavimani's Tamil Work - A Review' arose as a result of the increased involvement in the 'Malarum Malayum' songs of Kavimani Desika Vinayakam Pillaiyum. The author of this book has collected the verses written by Kavimani in various periods and categorized them under various topics and published them. Professor Reddiar has analyzed the natural scenes and pictorial scenes shown by Kavimani in historical and comparative manner in his own way. Kavimani's “Kulanthai Padalgal” (children's songs) has been conveyed in children's language and stresses that plays and abhinaya are necessary to educate a child. Also, professor had identified songs with national sentiments, songs with social thought, and songs that can express language. Professor had explored the concept of God and the ideas of Thaumana Swami and Kumaragurubarar. He gives the reason for the name Sundaramurthy vazhiyil on his own way. He has praised it by comparing it with Bharatiyar songs, Bharathidasan songs, Bhakti songs etc. at appropriate places. One can see nowhere except Tamil literature like Kavimani had expounded on impermanence in the cultural elements of his songs. Through analysis, Professor Subbu Reddiar gives us the feeling of the poet who enjoyed nature and indepth philosoophy. “Marumakkal Vazhi Manmiyam” is a beautiful work full of composition by Kavimani. The work is designed lofty with refined ideas in such a way that the mind of the learner is awakened, blossomed and tamilized.
Keywords: Philosopher, Sattvaguna, Review, Imagery, Cultural.
13. பேராசிரியர் ந.சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் அறிவியல் பயிற்றும் திறன்
முனைவர் நா. குமாரி
Science Teaching Ability of Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. N. Kumari
Professor Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar is a professor who has given 135 indelible literary treasures and holds a permanent place in the hearts of Tamils. He spent the first part of his life learning Tamil systematically, the other half creating scientific and academic texts, and the last part of his life establishing Tamil and glorifying it. He is the author of internal Policies, scientific Tamil, the feast of Wisdom, Alvars, Ramalingar, homeschooling, Periyar's thoughts, Literature on Religion, Religion, People's Voice, Educational Psychology, Theories of Educational Psychology, an appraisal of Kuilpattu and Science Teaching, He had authored books like Science Teaching Skills. Teaching strategies play a major role in enhancing the learning ability of learners. Science subject is unique in the curriculum of schools around the world. Uniqueness is due to the variety of materials and tests required to teach the subject effectively. Science is to be learned properly. Effective science training should be based on observation and experimentation and it would beneficially help the children. The purpose of this article is to explore how the book "Science Teaching Skills", written by a professor for teachers to allay those fears and is fundamentally supportive of educating students about science teaching methods and training them in action.
Keywords: Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar, Science, Teaching Ability.
14. ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் தொண்டை நாட்டுத் திருப்பதிகம் வெளிப்படுத்தும் பக்திநெறி
கு. கோகிலா & முனைவர் செ. ஹேமலதா
Portrayal of Bhakti Idea in N. Subbu Reddiar’s Thondai Nattu Thiruppathigam
K. Kokila & Dr. S. Hemalatha
Tolkappiyam is the basic source of Tamil literature. Tolkappiyam's writing, rhetoric and materiality form the basis of the Tamil language and grammar. Terminology in the language also tells about modes of action in semantics through grammar. The Alwars and Nayanmars through their eloquence sang Tirupathikams and expounded them through Saiva and Vaishnava sects. One can get to know the mythological stories, the structures of the temples, the hymns of the Alwars and the inscriptions of the Nayanmars. The shrines in Ranipet district can be learned through the book “Thondai Nattu Tirupathikam”. In the history of the Thondai region, the life of Ilandrayan, and the reason for the name of Alwars are detailed. Saivism means the principles of the Shiva cult and glorifies the incarnation of Lord Shiva. The songs of the chief three Saiva nobles were compiled by King Rajaraja Chola through Nambiandar Nambi. Saiva scriptures are rendered mainly by Thirunnasambandar, Thirunavukarasar and Sundarar. It is possible to know that the news and books about Saiva Siddhanta have been published in the books of Na. Subbu Reddiar. The Alwars and Nayanmars who lived in the Thondai region used to go to the shrines, perform tirupanis, preach Thirunama and pray to Thiruperuman Shiva. It can be known that they worshipped, performed pujas and preached beneficial messages to the people with Thirunamam of Lord Shiva. Vaishnava and Saiva incarnations are glorified in the Thondai region. The glory of the Spiritual Alwars, Nayanmars and the kings and the special features of the temples can be learnt from Subbu Reddiar's books.
Keywords: Subbu Reddiar, Saivism, Vaishnavism, Alvars, Nayanmars, Thondai Region, Pasurams.
15. பேராசிரியரின் வைணவ திருத்தலப் பயணங்கள்
Professor's Darshan of Vaishnava Divyadesas
Professor Subbu Reddiar has made a great contribution to Tamil Literature and Vaishnavism. He was the one who made the world aware of the greatness of Emperuman Narayanan who made the Mangalasasana by going to the holy shrines of many Vaishnava Divine Places in person. He is the one who has personally visited and served one hundred and two Divya Desams out of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desams and is a true devotee of the lord. Professor was the one who lived by saying that his chief duty was to do charity for Lord Vishnu. It tells of the Vaishnava divine shrines he visited and the glories of the greatness he realized and of the difficulties he encountered on the way to them. The Grand Vision of Perumal was not easily available. He won many turbulent circumstances and served Perumal. Usually, man has a nature by assuming an action has to be done and many misfortunes continue while doing it. At those times, they will immediately give up that action. But Professor Subbu Reddiar is different from all that. He was the one who has done it in the best possible way without changing the policy of having no matter how many hardships come; by putting all his miseries towards Lord Vishnu in the name of Devotion. In his texts, Perumal's sannidhi and the glory of the Goddess Thayar with Perumal, the sanctum sanctorum where Perumal resides are expressed with great reverence. One can see that about the news of the way to the railway station and how far to go in the direction from the bus station in his autobiographical works. There is no doubt that it will be a travel guide. The purpose of this article is to examine the texts of Professor Subbu Reddiar as a travel guide to the Vaishnava Divya Desams.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Darshan, Vaishnava Divya Desas.
16. பேராசிரியா் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் நினைவுக்குமிழிகளின் மொழி நடை
முனைவா் பெ. கி. கோவிந்தராஜ்
The Language Style of the Ninaivu Kumizhgal Collection by Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. P. K. Govindaraj
Modern literature in the Tamil literary world occupies a significant place, during this period. Literature changed from its useful forms and led to the development of the dialectic language of ordinary conversation. The dialogue was also the basis for the emergence of literary genres such as Feminism, Marxism and other recent trends. Among these exceptions, Professor Subbu Reddiar’s “Ninaivu Kumizhgal” collection is the one that has intellectual sharing about his school, college, the University, about interview experience. It also evinces his friendship with many prominent savants. His “Ninaivu Kumizhgal” collection is a sign that even ordinary people can create books. Professor Reddiar points out that “Ninaivu Kumizhgal” are a collection of book that all people can read about his biography. It is indeed an autobiography. The book deals with memories that blossom in professors’ memories and it also portrays his writing style. Hence, this article studies the style he handled in his “Ninaivu Kumizhgal”.
Keywords: Language, Style, Ninaivu Kumizhgal, Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar.
17. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் பார்வையில் - நமது உடல்
முனைவர் ஏ. கௌதமச்செல்வி
Na. Subbu Reddiar’s View on Body
Dr. E. Gowthamaselvi
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar is a twentieth-century Tamil scholar, writer, professor, spiritualist, scientist, researcher, psychological thinker and a great man with a diverse personality in all fields. He was born on 27th August 1916 in Perakambi, Trichy, Tamil Nadu. He was born into an agricultural family and through hard work in his studies, he became a versatile man of Tamil rhetoric. He was involved in the field of science during his primary education. To highlight his writing, the Government of Tamil Nadu nationalized and honoured all of his 96 books. He studied the disciplines of science properly and became proficient in them with the principle that Tamil will prosper unless multidisciplinary texts were popularized in Tamil. He has a good understanding of Anatomy too. Na. Subbu Reddiar had written a book called “Namadhu Udal” (Our Body). He says that the human body is made up of five elements. He elicits that it is a mixture of the five elements such as land, water, air, fire and sky. So, the body needs to be taken care of to keep life in the body without physical and mental problems. Professor, in his book, explained the body as 1. Organ 2.Skin 3. Bone 4. Muscle 5.Brain Nerves 6.Our Sense 7.Digestive Zone 8. Blood Circulation 9. Respiratary Zone 10.Waste Zone, 11.Our Body and inside 12. Explaining the function of the organs with maps on the topics of anatomy and thereby striving for the well-being of mankind. All the instrumental reasons for living life to the fullest in this world are located in this body. It has been clearly explained by professor Subbu Reddiar to his Tamil readers. Based on the physiological notion that all of these vital organs, if in perfect condition, function in a good way and they can function as needed. Hence, the book “Namadhu Udal” (Our Body) will help us to understand the body simply where this article lays its justification.
Keywords: Na. Subbu Reddiar, Namadhu Udal, Views, Body.
18. ந.சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் திறனாய்வுப் பார்வையில் தொல்காப்பியம்
முனைவர் மு. சங்கர்
N.Subbureddiar’s Critical Perspective of Tolkaappiyam
Dr. M. Sankar
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar is a well known Tamil scholar. He is a great man who volunteered for Tamil Literature for his lifetime. He has put a strong foothold in the field of Tamil. He is not only an expert in a particular field, but he is well versed in various fields related to Tamil language and Literature. He involved himself in Vaishnavism and has written many books on devotional literature, science and education. He has also written science books for children. He has written excellent works on Tamil tradition, culture, philosophy and theology. Due to his commitment and respect for Tamil Language and Literature, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar established Department of Tamil at Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi. He has written 136 books during his lifetime and they are great researchers. They include “Tolkaappiam Kattum Vazhkkai”, “Agathinai Kolgaikal”, “Illara Neri”, “Kavithai Payirrum Murai”, “Paattu Thiran”, “Ariviyal Nookkil Ilakkiyam, Samayam, Thatthuvam”, “Vedic References in Cankam Literature” etc., The study of such works written by Professor N. Subbu Reddiar is extensive. Among them, his desire is on Tolkaappiya Porulathikarm. Professor's critical views can be found in two of his books, “Tolkaappiam Kattum Vazhkkai”, “Agathinai Kolgaikal”. Hence this article is based on “Tolkaappiam Kattum Vazhkkai”, and aims to find out what are his critical views upon the chosen subject.
Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Tolkaappiyam, Agathinai Kolgaikal, Critical view.
19. ந.சுப்புரெட்டியாரும் பயிற்றலின் அடிப்படை விதிகளும்
முனைவர் ப. சத்யா
Subbu Reddiar and the Basic Laws of Teaching
Dr. P. Sathya
It is a well-known fact that Tamil is the most ancient of all the languages of the world. Hence, it is conferred the status of classical language. To its credit, it has a huge volume of literary works and grammar books dating back to the pre-Christian era and down to the present age. The richness and the greatness of a language are mainly decided by the good books written in that language. For a language to continue to exist, its written and spoken forms should be in practice. The Tamil language has both these characteristics. Besides knowing the subject and the methodology of teaching, the teachers need to be acquainted with the rules and regulations of teaching. Teachers should also know how important their standpoint is in teaching. Teaching is a kind of exercise that the teacher imparts to the students based on the environment which surrounds the students. The teacher must unite the student with the outside world. Education is very important for a society to flourish. It plays a vital role in shaping the future of society. The teacher must create learned men and women. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar opines that teachers should be aware of the basic laws of teaching when they try to bring students to the outside world. Teachers help students get exposed to the world outside. If the rules and regulations of teaching which N. Subbu Reddiar quoted about in detail are followed by young teachers they will become good teachers. This article aims at bringing out the important rules and regulations which N. Subbu Reddiar suggested to young teachers to make good students.
.Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Teaching Method, Basic Law, Future Society.
20. முனைவர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் திருக்கோயில் தத்துவம்
முனைவா் சு. சதீஷ்குமார்
Dr. Na. Subbu Reddiar Philosophical Approach to Temple
Dr. S. Sathishkumar
Temples are treasures of art and symbols of Tamil culture. The Sangam literature reveals that there were temples to Gods including Lord Shiva, Lord Murugan and Lord Thirumal two thousand years ago. The temples are built on the Aahamam basis. The temples will be built to include the sanctum sanctorum, the sanctum sanctorum, the mandapam, the maha mandapam, the mukha mandapam, the nandhi mandapam, the flagpole, the altar, the tower gate and the circumference hall. These are all philosophically based. In general, scholars who have studied temple systems and temple philosophies are well-versed in theology. But the people who go to temples and worship them are ignorant of their philosophical techniques about them. Professor Subbu Reddiar had written about the high philosophy of temples in his book “Saiva Siddantam Oor Arimugam”. It can be easily understood by common people through the simplification of such in-depth philosophy of Tamil culture. Hence, the main purpose of this article is to document the simplification of the theories of Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar's philosophical approach to the temple.
Keywords: Dr. Na. Subbureddiar, Philosophical Approach, Temple.
21. பேராசிரியரும் அனுமனும்
Perasiriyar and Hanuman
The epic ‘Kamba Ramayana’ will excel in time because of its epic standards. There are so many characters in this epic ‘Kamba Ramayana’. There are six Cantos in this epic. Hanuman’s character came in the fourth Canto and continues till the end. Hanuman’s deeds support the success of the epic ‘Kamba Ramayana.’ Professor Subbu Reddiar in his book entitled “Annal Hanuman” (Greatness of Hanuman) exposed the righteous deeds of Hanuman. He called Hanuman by several names such as the hero of a poem, an orator, a devotee of Rama, valorous Hanuman and a thinker. Because of Hanuman, the epic Ramayana ends in happiness, otherwise, it will be a great tragedy. Hanuman helped Bharathan to live long. Hanuman's words energized Rama after he discovered where Sita was imprisoned and that was the immediate turning point in the epic. The author reiterated that Hanuman is a great thinker. Although the thinking process is meant only for human beings, Hanuman had this quality through his devotion towards Rama. Further, Hanuman took twelve different images in Ramayanam. This was exposed greatly by Professor Subbu Reddiar. He exposes that Hanuman is courageous because of his mother Anjani. He affirms that Hanuman is a reliable messenger of Raman to Srilanka to meet Ravana. This was also rightly exposed by the author. Hanuman was a rightful devotee of Raman and Lakshmanan when he was in ‘Kishkanta’ he was introduced to them. Then onwards he was a dutiful devotee of them. In this epic, Hanuman was intelligent and clever and his special features are innumerous. It will be longer if one writes about him even if it may become as long as the myth of Hanuman’s tail. Hence, the article details the ideals of Professor Subbu Reddiar on Hanuman.
Keywords: Perumal Hill, Worship Group, Tribes, Western Ghats, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Annal Hanuman, Kambaramayanam, Hanuman.
22. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு திறன் வெளிப்பாட்டில் வேமனார்
திரு. ச. சரவணக்குமார்
Revelation of Subbu Reddiar's Skill of Translation through Vemanaar
Mr. S. SaravanaKumar
Vemanaar was a renowned thinker with ardent skills. He is a man of bestowed knowledge and life into a society that has been arid of life. As a poet of high philosophical insights, Vemanaar denounces idol worship and strongly advocates human integration. Being a humanitarian, his writings propose the doctrine of worshipping one form of power to prevent the forces that endanger the integration of humanity. He voices for the economically downtrodden people, discriminated against and marginalized in the name of caste. His revolutionary poems stand for gender equality and create awareness of worldly problems, in both material and spiritual ways. Belonged to an era of pessimistic principles, Vemanaar raised their voice against evils and condemned those authoritarians courageously. The misconception was that his words were filled with brutality featuring him as an anti-activist. He lived a noble and purposeful life though few of his fellows opposed him. With the sovereignty and elegance of the Tamil language, the life of Vemanar is presented without changing the socio-cultural and religious scenario of his time. Vemanaar influenced society with his intellectual ideas that ignited awareness among the people. Subbu Reddiar discovered that his individualistic principles which made him a stalwart personality were abandoned by the authoritarianism of the elite theologians. This article by Subbu Reddiar about Vemanaar serves as a pathfinder for humanity to reach its noblest destinations. Hence, the article aims to bring out new traces of translating skills that would launch the highest realistic truths proposed by Vemanaar.
Keywords: Vemanaar, Subbu Reddiar, Translating Skills.
23. பேராசிரியரின் “அண்ணல் அநுமன்” காட்டும் சமுதாய ஒழுக்கமும் சொல்லாளுமையும்
முனைவா் ம. சித்ரகலா
Principles of Social Discipline and Oratorial Skills in Professor’s “Annal Hanuman”
Dr. M. Chitrakala
Literature in the times focuses on hazards that hamper the development of society. Literature is a mirror of society. The aspirants of literature must be aware of and analyze it systematically. They will authorize: Will the aspirant’s presentation be beneficial for decades? Will it prevent the hazards of Society? Will it pave way for society’s upliftment? Will it be feasibly for the present, past and future? Will there be a reformation in the self-development of an individual? Considering and applying the above-said aspects literature can be trustful and applicable for many generations. Kamban in his epic “Kamba Ramayana” has depicted the development of the society and the code of Behaviour of an individual. The Character Vedan and the inanimate species Jadau (Eagle) in “Ramanayana” are personified as the epitome of good discipline and are adored even today. Kamban’s character Hanuman is depicted as an identity of social development and is revered for achievements and has been notified by Subbu Reddiar in his famous work entitled “Annal Hanuman” which adds additional crown and fame to Tamil literature. Modern Society is updated by innovations, which affects the social status of society. A self-disciplined society can flourish and progress by practising the moral ethics of Hanuman. This article explores how Hanuman protects humans from disasters and retains rejoicing and harmony. Hanuman by his teachings unites all the people, heals the hearts ailing from grief, removes despair and finally reforms them. In a short period, people regained hope, and courage for self-development. Hanuman’s devotional faith and respect towards Rama who is the epitome of power and his compassion for the poor make him magnanimous. Subbu Reddiar’s in his work personifies Hanuman as a multi-faceted power. Finally, the article concludes that Subbu Reddiar’s work will be an aid for the development of society in future.
Keywords: Social Discipline, Oratorial Skills, Professor’s Annal Hanuman.
24. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் திருப்பாவை விளக்கம் தரும் திருமாலின் திருவருள்
முனைவர் இரா. சிவகுமார்
Grace of Lord Thirumal in N. Subbu Reddiar’s Thirupaavai Vizhakkam
Dr. R. Sivakumar
Tamil is the oldest language in the world. It contains authentic literary and grammatical resources. Devotional literature excels in Tamil Literature. One among them is the famous “Nalayira Dhivya Pirapantham”. The crown jewel among them is the hymns of “Thirupaavai” by Sri Andal Nachiyar. It serves as the magnum opus for the Vaishnavas. “Thirupaavai” is designed in such a way that everyone can learn the Vaishnava faith. It also creates research interest among researchers. Although there are many texts for it as commentary, summary, subject matter, and dissertation, the explanation given by N. Subbu Reddiar is authentic and graceful. It is readable by all sorts of people. The ancient society was portrayed as Aayarkulam which rely on cattle. Kannan was born a baby in the Aayarkula caste. He is the incarnation of Lord Thirumal. He is the God for the Ayarkula maidens. His grace was excellent for Aayarpadi women. He is the entire world to them. For this perspective, Subbu Reddiar gives the interpretation of the Ayarpadi maidens and their love for Kannan as evinced in Andal’s “Thirupaavai”, In addition, he further explains that bathing is a blissful encounter with Lord Kannan, as Aayarkula women bathe in the cool pool water at dawn in the Margazhi month for the fast and worship with the God. Here, bathing means Love-making on Kannan by Andal. Thus, the nuances of the blissful thoughts and feelings of Andal are explained by Professor Subbu Reddiar in his “Thirupaavai Vizhakam”. He also says that the hymns are pervasive by Thirumal’s grace in his book. Hence, this study examines the features of Thirumal’s grace in destroying the arrogant Mavali emperor, the giant Koman and the treacherous monsters, the love of Ayarkukla Maidens, and Kannan's love for all as sung in Andal’s “Thirupaavai”.
.Keywords: Grace, Lord, N. Subbu Reddiar, Thirupaavai Vizhakkam.
25. பேராசிரியரும் அப்பர் பெருமானும்
முனைவர் கி. சிவகுமார்
Professor and Appar Peruman
Dr. K. Sivakumar
Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar is a renowned Tamil scholar who had contributed many books to the Tamil world. One of the books he wrote was 'Navukkarasar'. Navukkarasar was one of the four Shaiva poets who did charity through physical labour (Cariyai) in the temples. His other names are Marulnikiyar, Darumasenar, Thandaka Vendhar, Thirunavukkarasar and Appar Peruman. Thirunavukkarasar and Upper Peruman are also his names. The songs sung by him are featured in Thevaram in four, five and six of the twelve seasons. In the book, Navukkarasar, the life of the Appar Peruman, his journey with Almighty Lord Shiva and the benefits of his songs are explained to the people in a very clear manner. Thirunavukkarasar is credited with rescuing the Shiva temple from fasting in Palaiyar and receiving the best gold coin at Thiruveezhimalai. Also, in Thirumaraikattu, Thirugnanasambandar's songs praise Thiruvaimur Lord Shiva with his companion Thirugnanasambandar and went to Madurai carrying the Thirugnanasambandar's pallaku which had returned after defeating the Jains are noteworthy. According to Thirunavukkarasar's biography, the concept of 'Oodum Ponnum Samam' was generally sung by the Chekizhar. These are emphasized by Professor N. Subbu Reddiar in this book. His history is told based on “Periyapuranam” songs. “Thevaram” is said to be the historical evidence about him. Wherever there are differences of opinion in his history, relevant opinions are established with relevant sources by Subbu Reddiar. From the recordings on Thirunavukkarasar, it can be seen that Professor Subbu Reddiar has highlighted the songs. The readers of this book will have a complete understanding of the Appar Peruman. It creates the desire to learn fully about Appar from the writings of Professor Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Thirunavukkarasar, Appar, Thevaram, Periyapuranam.
26. பேராசிரியரும் காரைக்குடி கல்வியியல் பணிகளும்
Professor and Academic Work in Karaikudi
K. Siva Murugan
Professor Dr. N. Subbureddiar excelled in his academic work. He has won numerous awards and numerous prizes and has been a protector of Tamil in his lifetime. His writing is highly commendable as he has written more than 130 rare books in Tamil. He has many achievements in his Tamil work. The Professor first started his educational career in Karaikudi and flourished in his life as a Professor of Tamil. Professor had his academic work in Karaikudi and he remembers his experiences in his books. He had been involved much in academic work. His involvement also helped to plan and organize his academic work. He had dedicated a portion of his life to academic work. He is also an expert in developing and planning educational activities. It is noteworthy that Karaikudi was instrumental in improving the work and its progress. Professor is an enthusiastic performer of many tasks such as academic work and Tamil development work. He had written and published several books in Tamil. His books were published and nationalized by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Thus, Professor was called the (Tamil Grandmaster) as his Tamil development work was special. Based on this, it is clear that the Professor is more interested in Tamil work. When one knows the experience of the Professor, one can understand the meaning of the Professor’s academic works at Karaikudi and how the Professor planned for education and handled various new ventures in academia for the development of Tamil. He also made various plans for academic work and then guided the progress of Karaikudi College. Since Karaikudi College has expanded and expanded into a College of Education. Thus diversified educational activities can be seen to have been improved and developed in Karaikudi by the extended service of Subbu Reddiar. The purpose of this article is to explore the significance of Professor Reddiar’s educational work in Karaikudi.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Teaching Involvement, Academic Work, Karaikudi.
27. நடமாடும் கலைக்களஞ்சியம் ந.சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் காப்பியப் புலமையும் கழுகுப்பார்வையும்
Scholarship of Epics and Astounding Vision of the Itinerant Encyclopedia N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. M. Sutha
One of the great learned scholars about Kamban is N. Subbu Reddiar, a best Tamil scholar, writer and author of 135 books nationalized by the Government of Tamil Nadu. He has written a book entitled, 'Kambanil Makkal Kural’ (Peoples Voice in Kamban), in which he compiles essays on the uniqueness of Kamban with an eagle's vision. N. Subbu Reddiar, popularly known as Mobile Encyclopedia was titled like that by Rathinavel Pandian who delivers infallible justice like a 'balance scale'. His eleven review articles on Kamban are the subject of this research study. With his excellent scholarship in epics and affection for Kamban, and as a timeless researcher, the morality of research was carried out impeccably by Professor Subbu Reddiar with an eagle’s eye. He raised questions logically about Kamban's poetry, explained the answers with evidence and performed research scientifically. He has shown his analytical ability through this book to the research world. N. Subbu Reddiar is also a prolific critic of Kamban's poetic ability, uniqueness, and mastery of classic epics. His research perspective reflected in these eleven articles has been considered as the hypothesis of this study. This descriptive approach outlines the contents of the article. Kamban's poems are portrayed as evidence for criticism in this book revealing the in-depth purpose of Professor Reddiar's study. Hence, this article is intended to help future researchers to know and follow the scholarship, research skills, and Tamil work of N. Subbu Reddiar, who has subtle research knowledge that has led to his reputation as an itinerant encyclopedia.
Keywords: Scholarship, Epics, Astounding Vision, Itinerant Encyclopedia, N. Subbu Reddiar.
28. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் அறிவியல் நோக்கில் தமிழ் இலக்கியம்
முனைவர் ரெ. சுமதி
A Scientific Perspective of Tamil Literature by Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. R. Sumathi
The Tamil language is a symbol of the entire Tamil society, embodying centuries of literary tradition and various literary forms. Historians have indeed acknowledged that Tamilians have long excelled in civilizations. World-renowned Tamilians excelled not only in civilized life but also in various fields such as religion, philosophy, astronomy, physics, biology, astrology, medicine, mathematics and engineering. During the Tamil language era, Tamilians have grown up acquiring many worldly concepts without any technological advancement. Thiruvalluvar has mentioned that knowledge is a tool to protect. Science is the subtle blooming in the formation of knowledge. Tamil arts and science focus on the inner and outer lives of human beings. Life is an indistinguishable duality. Therefore, life without art is not complete and life without science is not successful. Ancient Tamilians embodied many scientific facts in literature. The Tamil language has played an important role in the history of world languages since ancient times. As a Professor, Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar, a Tamil scholar, has established his scientific knowledge through pieces of evidence in literature such as ‘EttuThogai’, ‘PathuPattu’, ‘Thirukkural’, ‘Puranangal’ and ‘Epics’. His Tamil expertise explores the scientific thinking of Tamilians on world origin referring to the ‘Paripadal song’. He beautifully and emphatically articulated the ideology of enriching the goals of human biology into personal life and social life. Thus, the purpose of this article is to explore the meaning of Tamil literature from the scientific point of view of Professor N. Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: N.Subbu Reddiar, Tamil Literature, Scientific Perspective.
29. பரணி ஆராய்ச்சியில் பேராசிரியரின் மொழி ஆளுமை
முனைவர் நா. சுலோசனா
Linguistic Mastery of Professor in Bharani Research
Dr. N. Sulochana
Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar is a renowned person. He is a prolific writer, critic, researcher and professor who have written more than a hundred books. He was well-versed in Tamil literary genres like Sangam literature, Epic literature, Devotional literature, Minor literature and Contemporary literature. He is the author of “Kalingathu Bharani Research” and “Bharani Pozhivugal of Bharani literature” which comes under Minor literature. Literature travels to the next stage only when it captures the scenes it sees, the ideas it reads, and the messages it hears in a way that appeals to the reader. That is what Valluvar says in the chapter of "Sol Vanmai". Etymology is how language helps man to interpret what he perceives by his senses through the instrument of language. Language helps a lot to explain narration. A reader can visualize the pattern of Kali Temple, characters exhibiting expressions in the body, Omens, literary metaphors, the beauty of the autumn season, characterizations, overstatements, and personifications by the imaginative resources in “Kalingathup Bharani” through the books “Kalingathup Bharani Research” and “Bharani Pozhivugal” written by Subbu Reddiar. Hence, this article examines the technique used by Professor in detail to visualize Bharani using literary metaphors such as Uvamai, Oneban Suvai, Porulanigal, Yamagam, Madakku, Sileddai, Vellani Naal, Anjal alithal, Paavaadai poduthal, Velam, Paarvaikkarar, Nokkar, Thuruthiyaalar, Panjasayanam.
Keywords: Linguistic Mastery, Professor Subbu Reddiar, Bharani Research.
30. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியார் கண்ட வைணவ உரைவளம்
Vaishnava Rhetoric Found by N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. B. Dhananjayan
There was a boom in medieval literature in the world of Tamil Literature. The Vaishnavite Alwars gifted the glories of Lord Vishnu to Tamil Literature. They have made a great contribution to Tamil literature by giving rich poetic hymns of literary taste. The songs sung by the twelve Alwars worshipping Thirumal and praising his glories became to known as “Nalayira Dhivya Prabantham” (Four Thousand Divine Hymns). The commentators on the Alwars were the ones who made the world of the Divine prophets and their meanings known to the admirers of Vaishnava philosophy. Among them, Nathamunigal compiled the Divine Prabhandas and evinced their significance all over the world. It is the tradition of Vaishnavism to make Nathamuni the first compiler. After him, Vuyakkondar and the Manakkalnambi, Aalavanthar, Periyanambikal, and Thirumalayantan seem to have come under discourses until the time of Ramanujar. Ramanujar is a great personality to have brought about a great upsurge in the Vaishnava tradition. He first wrote the text with his disciple Thirukurugaipiran Pillai in Six Thousand verses for Thiruvaimozhi. This was followed by the complete texts of Thiruvaimozhi, such as the nineteen thousand verses of Nanjiyar, the twelve thousand verses of Vadikesarialagiye Manavala Iyer and the twenty-four thousand verses of the Periyavachan Pillai and the thirty-six thousands of the Nampillai. The rise of the “Thiruvaimozhi” text led to the Four Thousand Divya Prabhanda. Periyavachan Pillai is credited with interpreting the entire Four Thousand Divya Prabhandas. Hence, Periyavachan Pillai is called the authority of vyakiyana (Commentary). In that connection, Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar presents various concepts embedded in the ancient commentaries of Vaishnava Manipravala texts, texts discourses, discourse physiology phrases, dissociation of Tamil language, ascendant therapeutic philosophy will be the main feature of this research paper.
Keywords: Vaishnava, Rhetoric, N. Subbu Reddiar.
31. தமிழ் இலக்கியங்களில் அறம், நீதி, முறைமை - அறத்தொடு நிற்றல்
முனைவர் ம. தனப்பிரியா
Virtue, Justice, System in Tamil Literature – Araththodu Nirral (With Charity)
Dr. M. Dhanapriya
Literature is what sets the goal for human life in motion. It is no exaggeration to say that the literature which records the lifestyle of the Tamils is the face of the virtues to be followed in the various contexts of their lives. The article provides details of the Tamil concept of life-based on the fourfold reality like Virtue (Aram), Material (Porul), Pleasure (Inban) and Salvation (Veeduperu). Knowing and following the virtues in the life of human society leads to living as an individual. Conflicts are natural in a social system. In such a period it becomes essential to follow a certain set of rules and live together without contradictions. Such morals were constructed by our ancestors as virtues. Although the way of life of human beings is changing from time to time, the basic virtues of their life can be found in various forms of Tamil literature such as Sangam literature, epics, and Puranas. Prof. Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar gave talks on the subject of “Virtue-Justice-System in Tamil Literature" at the University of Chennai from March 28, 29, and 30 in the year 1987 on the concepts of jurisprudence and literary systems mentioned in grammatical literature such as “Tolkappiyam”, “Nannul”, “Sangam literature”, “Aimperuppiyam” etc. In printed form, the book has been published under the title "Virtue, Justice and System in Tamil Literature". In the subsection on the meaning of virtue in Tamil literature, the biographical virtues compiled by the author such as purity of mind, intrinsic biological virtue, virtue in devotion, domestic goddess, hospitality, hospitality, denial of animals, monasticism, war ethics, etc., have been elicited in a detailed manner. Hence, it is worthy to scrutinize the work of Subbu Reddiar to get the full meaning.
Keywords: Virtue, Justice, System, Tamil Literature, Charity.
32. பேராசிரியரின் பன்முகப் பார்வையில் கம்பராமாயணம்
முனைவர் மா. தனலட்சுமி
Kambaramayanam from the Perspective of N. Subhu Reddiar
Dr. M. Dhanalakshmi
It is a well-known fact that Tamil is the most ancient of all the languages of the world. Hence, it is conferred the status of the language. To its credit, it has a bulk volume of literary works and grammar texts. Dating back to the pre-Christian era down to the present age, Tamil is divided into Sangam Literature, Moral Literature, Epics and Modern Literature, Epics etc. As epics are very lengthy in size they are also known as long narrative poems. “Thandi Alangaram” gives us a detailed account of the rules and regulations for writing epics. “Kambaramayamam” was written by Kambar based on Valmigi's “Ramayana”. Though there are many research books available on “Kambaramayanam”, N.Subbu Reddiar's critical books are very famous. Reddiar approached “Kambaramayanam” from the viewpoint of culture. His analysis of the character of Hanuman is excellent. He brings out the character of Hanuman in the form of a vision to our eyes. While compared to Valmiki's “Ramayana”, “Kambaramayana” is rich in the portraiture of culture. Parental love, brotherly love, people's mentality, beliefs and customs are beautifully brought out by the out Professor Subbu Reddiar. The scope of this paper is to show how Professor Subbu Reddiar has excellently analyzed “Kamba Ramayanam” with his in-depth study.
Keywords: Tamil Literature, Kambaramayanam, Cultural Perspective, N. Subhu Reddiar.
33. பேராசிரியர் நா சுப்புரெட்டியார் ஆய்வில் அகத்திணை ஒழுக்க நெறிகள்
Internal Ethics (Agathinai) in the Study of Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar
One can learn from the Sangam literature that the Sangakala people lived their lives with certain morals. They have divided these types of morals into two types, internal (Agam) and external (Puram). Tolkappiyar has divided the internal disciplines into two disciplines: Kalavu (Secret Love) and Karpu (Chaste Love). The Agam life-style is also categorized as Punarthal, Pirithal, Iruthal, Irangal, Oodal, Perunthinai and Kaikilai, according to the suitable natural environment. The Sangam literature reveals that the Sangam period was characterized by a variety of land distinctions that divided the land into ecological and climatic regions for each land and bestowed praise on the way of life and morals of the people. According to Tolkappiyar, internal life is two types Secret Love and Married Love. The secret love is the deep love of the Thalaivan (Leader) and Thalaivi (Beloved) pure love that others will not give. The ancients marked the coexistence of lovers with morality, just as we call the scriptures “hidden scriptures”, which means that the Kalavu life of the lover and the beloved is pure and when they marry, it is called Karpu Kadal. Karpu Kadal is about the marriage of the leader and the beloved who enjoyed the Kalavu Kadal now has made an immortal transformation into social life. The Sangakala people called the marriage customs Karanam. Tolkappiyar points out that the wedding ceremony of Karanam took place without the parents. The leader and the beloved agree to marry by elopement (Udanpooku). The custom of beating drums, Chonch blowing, and chanting were practised in the Sangam times. It is noteworthy that in the book of Internal Life Policies (Agathinai policies) from Professor Subbu Reddiar’s point of view. He has explained in detail about the internal life-style of the Sangam people and the Agam principles.
Keywords: Internal Ethics, Agathinai, Study, Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar.
34. சைவ சமயமும் பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் சமய சிந்தனையும்
முனைவர் கு. பத்மநாபன்
Religious Thoughts of Professor N. Subbureddiar with Special Reference to Shaivam
Dr. G. Padmanabhan
Shaivam is one of the ancient religions that still exist in India. Monuments of Indus Valley civilization and parts of Vedic literature are the early evidence of Saivism. The presence of Shaivism can be traced to the era of the Pre-Sangam Age by the sources of Sangam texts. Literature of the Pallava period explains the re-emergence of Saivisam; in the subsequent period, the literature produced by Cholas portrays the glory of Shaivism. “Saiva Samaya Vilakku” the book written by Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar explained the concept of Saiva Siddhantha to the benefit of the common man. Other than this work, the author produced another book named “Saivasidhantham Oru Arimugam”. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar authored separate books in which he explained the contribution of Thiruganasambandar, Thirunavukkarasar, Sundarar, Manikkavasakar, Thaiyumanavar, Pattinathar and their contribution to the Shaivism and Tamil Bhakti Literature. The book “Saiva Samaya Vilakku” has six chapters. The book has been in the form of that a great scholar name Karthikeyan who has immense knowledge of Saivasiddhantha explains its eminence to a young person named Kannuthalappan through fifty-one letters. This book can be defined under a separate category of literature called letter (Aphoristic) writing. The first chapter of this book is called ‘Pathiyal’. In this chapter, the author explained the elements of lord Siva. The second chapter explained the concept of the soul, the third chapter deals with the hindrance of the soul. The fourth and fifth chapter deals with the way of liberation and salvation of the soul respectively. The last chapter deals with the concept of worship in Saivasidhantha. By learning this book one can come to know about the deep knowledge of the professor. N.Subbureddiar in both literature and philosophy and also one can view and understand the features of a dedicated teacher in Saiva Siddartha.
.Keywords: Religious Thoughts, Professor N. Subbureddiar, Saivism.
35. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் அறஇலக்கியங்களில் ஈகைநெறி
முனைவர் ஜ. பபீதா
Charity in Ethical Literature Evinced by Na. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. J. Papeetha
Na. Subbureddiar lived his life gloriously glorifying his mother tongue Tamil. He crawled in the lap of the ever-famed Tamil and worked consciously to spread Tamil all over the world, and stood firm in the minds of the people of the Tamil world. He was a versatile man who had written many books. He had also written many books on the virtues that people should follow in their lives. This article is to know the quality of charity as seen in the ethical literature of Tamil Literature. The word EGAI means to give something to others for help, to alleviate the poverty of others. So, the foremost of the virtues is charity. Because other virtues are only useful to those who do them. The charity is beneficial not only to the doers but also to the recipients. Professor Reddiar’s view is that giving charity should be carried out as a humanitarian norm. A good one should see the poverty and suffering of others as his suffering and helps them by giving them what they need. The professor says that the family man must try to alleviate the plight of the poor with a lovable facial expression, and that is the best way to curb the problem of others. It conveys the idea that one should give what we owe, that we should give without considering any exchange, and that one should donate without an expectation that it will come multiple times to the benevolent one. He says that it is the duty of the very rich to carry out the virtues, which will create a world free of poverty. Furthermore, Professor Subbu Reddiar makes it clear that it is not possible to attain the meaning of virtuous life if one thinks that one should enjoy wealth. The ethic literature helps us to understand life, especially through the lives of our ancestors. In that case, Prof. Subbu Reddiar has detailed the values of charity and donation in his works so, the article decodes the ideas related to charity from the writings of Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Charity, Ethical Literature, Na. Subbu Reddiar.
36. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் அமெரிக்கப் பயண அநுபவம்
Professor Subbu Reddiar’s US Travel Experience
Professor Subbu Reddiar had American travel experience in his 88th life and registered his experiences through the book “My Journey to America” (En America Payanam). In line with the joyous experience of Travel, Professor Reddiar gave us the experience of his trip to the US like the taste of milk mixed with honey in the Tamil Language. Through this article, as a researcher, I also share the experience I gained while reading this book. In an age, when the cost was considered as a journey, now, travel is an expense and going to America relies on a dream for most people but Professor Reddiar recalled his experiences and satisfy others' dreams through his book, “My Journey to America”. The uniqueness of this book is that it presents this travel experience with a lot of Tamil-language evidence to tell people in Tamil, especially Tamils. When one reads the information about each of the places featured in the professor's book, we all get the domain experience of going there ourselves. This is another feature of this travelogue. This article is designed to illustrate the professor's Tamil-speaking experience in a far land. In this work, one can see how the words are used in the poems written there to mean places and his experience. The structure of the book as a Tamil translator for English can be expressed here as 1,2,3, and the English words at the bottom of each page can be read throughout the book as some information can also be read in this paper for better understanding. Perungavi's poems have been quoted related to Niagara Falls in comparison. It is also worth exploring how Professor's experiential devotional literature compares many of the chanting and worship practices of each of the temple visions to his visit to the United States. As mentioned above our professor also tells Shaiva and Vaishnava cults and the architectural systems of America revealing the specialities of homelands. The culture, customs and other social conditions of the people of that country are also described. Hence, the main purpose of this article is to expose the dignity of Tamil culture through the temples, parks and museums he found in the four states of the country in his travel experience.
Keywords: Travel View, Experience, Comparison, American Trip.
37. பேராசிரியர் நா. சுப்புரெட்டியாரும் மலைநாட்டுத் திருப்பதிகளும்
முனைவர் ர. பிரித்தா
Professor Subbu Reddiar and the Mount Thirupathis
Dr. R. Preetha
Professor Na. Subbu Reddiar was born in a farming family in Perakambi, Trichy District. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry from Soosaipar College, Trichy, a Masters degree from the University of Chennai and a PhD from Tirupathi Thiruvenkatavan University. He is very fond of Tamil. He is the author of 130 books in the fields of teaching, Tamil literature, religion, philosophy, performance, history, biography, science and research. He belonged to the Veera Saiva Sect yet he is very devoted to Vaishnavism. They have devised several strategies at each time to interact with the reality. The worship strategies devised by the Vaishnava sages are unique. Devotion opens like a veil when the Vainava idols are not merely symbolic, but each is an Avatar and is associated with reality as an Archavatara taken by the Lord Vishnu. He has written revisions so that those who read such a fact will also realize it. His travel books include “Malai Nattu Tiruppathis”, Thondai Nattu Tirupatis, Pandinatu Tirupatis, Northern Tirupatis and Cholanattu Tirupatis. With information on the location of temples in hill station Tirupatis, one can find not only Vaishnava philosophies, devotional positions, traditions, rituals, historical evidence but also the specialties of the Lord Vishnu and Subbu reddiar’s devotion on HIM. There are thirteen Mount Tirupathis that have been categorized by the Alvars into four divisions. They are Thiruvanparicharam, Thiruvattar and Thiruvananthapuram as three divisions; Thiruvittuvakodu and Thirunavaya are the fourth. Thirumangai Alwar is the one who excelled in the above three categories. Kulasekara Perumal was the only to excel in one category. Thsu, the article will decode the first section of these four sections.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Mount Thirupathis.
38. ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் பார்வையில் பாவேந்தரின் பாட்டுத்திறன்
முனைவர் இல. பூர்ணிமா ஜோதி
Pavendar’s Singing Ability in the View of N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. L. Poornima Jothi
This research paper is based on the ideas contained in the book Pavender's (Bharathidasan) Poetry Review (“Pavendar Pattuthiran Thiranaivu”) from Professor N. Subbu Reddiar's point of view. Emotions take precedence in every human being. They play an important role in writing poetry. According to the Pavendar, there is an in-depth meaning in the poem. Emotions can vary depending on the formation of words. Social reform movements will stir our emotions; Pavendar’s poems have such themes. The poet conveys the point in the poem that he is trying to convey a strong theme in his poems. It has been investigated in this research. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar had done a lucid study on the poetry of Pavendar and made it easy for understanding to his readers. Narration is one of the aesthetic interpretations of natural objects. These comments are examined in two ways. Allegorical skill is the first in poetry. A simile is another way of comparing one thing to another. Subbu Reddiar's perspective on Pavendar’s vision is detailed keenly. Something unknown to the five senses is imagination. The way of explaining imagination is explained in three ways namely creative imagination, natural imagination, and conceptual imagination. Subbu Reddiar is said to have explained the images from various angles. Professor has found the use of supreme poetry in the poems of Pavendar Bharathidasan. There are nine elements in Tamil poetry. Yapu is written in the form of Paa. They are as Venba, Aasiriyapaa, and Kalipaa. The research paper aims to explore the above-mentioned qualities of Pavender’s poetry as evinced by Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Pavendar Bharathidasan, Singing Ability, N. Subbu Reddiar.
39. பேராசிரியர் ந.சுப்புரெட்டியார் பார்வையில் கம்பர்
முனைவர் ப. மகேஸ்வரி
Kambar in the Observation of Professor Subbu Reddiar
Dr. P. Maheswari
Prof. N. Subbu Reddiyar has recorded the beauty of the Sun in various contexts and looks at it from a scientific point of view like Kambar who recorded the beauty of the sun in various stages in his epic “Kambaramayana”. Professor Reddiar has outlined the scientific points and literary style of Kambar in his works. The people of Tamil Nadu celebrate the Pongal festival as an important festival as a way of giving thanks to the Sun which gives hope to the farmers. Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu has been a festival for the Sun and is celebrated by all people. On Pongal, people worship the sun which gives light and heat. The scientific fact is that the Sun is the ultimate source of all energy. Kambar discovered in his life about dividing the atom into a hundred parts. So, the Gods can be one. Kambar has traditionally sung the sunrise at the beginning of most of his epic, and the sunset at the end, in more than a hundred songs. In the six cantos, Sun is portrayed as a symbol of neutrality, eloquence, knowledge, and energy. Both natural and vivid descriptions were in his poems. It is a fact that today most of the villagers are the ones who give importance to the light and grace of the Sun. Prof. Reddiar has given much attention to Sun in his works. So, This article is based on the study of nature worship, Sun Worship, Consciousness, Unconsciousness, Sunrise, benefits of the Sun, Energy, Lightning, Sunday Worship, Worship of Lord Shiva and History etc that are found in the writings of Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Sun Worship, Kambar, Observation, Professor Subbu Reddiar..
40. பேராசிரியா்ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் தருக்கவியல் அணுகுமுறை - சைவசித்தாந்தம் ஓர் அறிமுகம்
முனைவர் இரா. மணிமேகலை
An Introduction to Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar’s Logical Approach of Saiva Siddantham Or Arimugam
Dr. R. Manimegalai
Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar has been published texts in various contexts. He has written hundreds of books in the fields of religion, philosophy, literature, grammar, sociology, science and children's literature and has made great contributions to Tamil Society. The majority of the texts written by the professor are religious. Prof. Na. Subbu Reddiar's book, “Introduction to Saiva Sidhantham”, explains the basic tenets of Saivam. In this book, he explains the philosophy of Saiva Sidhantham in a deep logical approach. Although the philosophical principles in Tamil have been developed through epics since the Sangam period, only “Panniru Thirumurai” form the basic texts of Tamil Saivam philosophy. Saiva Sidhantham has a unique place in the Indian philosophical tradition and is the basis for cultural heritage. Saiva Sidhantham is a philosophy that arose based on three facts. They are Pathi, Pasu, Paasam. This is called a triplet. In the introduction of this book, Prof. Subbu Reddiar has created based on the data on these ideals from Tamil spiritual texts. Prof. P. Krishnan mentions and records “Saiva Sidhantham Or Arimugam” as the first study book on Saiva Siddhanta. In the book, the professor writes logically on the three-dimensional interpretation of two thousand years of philosophical philosophies based on enlightenment, fact-finding, and theory
Keywords: Tholkappiyam, Life, Hidden Love (Kalavu), (Karpu, Tirumanam, Matalerutal.
41. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியார் பார்வையில் மாணிக்கவாசகர்
Manikkavasakar in the Vision of Professor N. Subbu Reddiar
According to the Tamil proverb “A Flame Lamp always needs a stimulus. Professor Subbu Reddiar lit a Saiva renaissance and performed dedicated service to Saiva Bhakti literature. He also delineated Manikkavasakar's concepts Mukti Neri, and Bhakti Neri and clarifies the truth simply related to the devotional norms. Cēkkiḻār praised the history of the 63 Nayanmars in his “Periya Puranam”. Manikkavasagar’s “Tiruperundurai” has been described in awe what the fears and anxieties of the enlightened one in worldly life with the spiritual acts. Manikkavasakar also explained the merits of the Shivaneri ideology. The shiva principles tell about the three malevolent things that a man should avoid. They are Anava (Pride), Kanma (Hypocrisy) and Maya (Illusion) prevalent among human beings and the darkness that lurks outside them. When Manikkavasakar moves towards Thiruvannamalai on a pilgrimage, Markazhi Monday comes with the divinity power 'Thiru' and the power of 'EM' (Individual) combined with the vitality of the genre 'Pavai'. Standing outside the perception of Manikkavasaka's Thiruvembavai, Professor Reddiar has highlighted that the worldly life is the union of Shiva and Shakti intellectually in his writings. Manikkavasakar sings and turns in heartfelt introspection, worshipping the Lord of Thirukovaiyar and making himself the lover of the Lord and the leader who wants to attain the bliss of the Lord's Thiruvadi. Professor’s views of the spiritual riches of the works of Manikkavasakar are admirable. Hence, the article elicits the chosen ideas of Saiva Poet Manikkavasakar from Subbu Reddiar’s perspective.
Keywords: Manikkavasakar, Vision, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar.
42. பேராசிரியரின் கல்விக்கொடை
முனைவர் நா. மாலதி
Professor's Educational Grants
Dr. N. Malathi
Perasiriyar Na. Subbu Reddiar is an educationalist. He worked as a school teacher, Professor in the education department and a University Professor. He had written many books in the Tamil Language on Bhakti Literature, Educational Psychology and Literature. He was a great supporter of poor people and helped with their education. He granted many books to the students. He formed methodologies for teaching and spread them as books. He contributed to the publication of many Tamil literary works, Tamil research and Curriculum development. His views on teaching and learning, his works on Tamil literary criticism and his Tamil research works are well-recognized among scholars. His meritorious students are evidence of his educational career. This research will give a broad idea of N.Subbu Reddiar and his unparalleled educational grants in his lifetime.
Keywords: Religious, Tradition, Sangam literature, Ancient Tamil Society.
43. ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் அறிவியல் சிந்தனைகள்
முனைவர் அர. மீனா
Scientific Thoughts of N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. R. Meena
Language specializes in the aid of knowledge. If a language has to transcend many periods and excel, it must adapt itself to future changes. Realizing this, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, who had an unquenchable love for Tamil, sought to explore the greatness of Tamil with the help of science and found success in that endeavour. His research thought is oriented to the philosophy of anthropology, Biology, physiological anatomy, physical and chemical sciences that related to human life and continued the need for future inventions. Therefore, among the innumerable works of N. Subbu Reddiar who have linked spirituality with science, scientific Tamil, atomic creation, electrons, nuclear physics, the human body, tradition, home ethics, youth and science teaching methodology. The purpose of this study is to reveal the scientific messages embedded in Tamil literature as evinced by Subbu Reddiar in his works. The style of teaching the Tamil language with the help of science and the need to create scientific art words in Tamil and the ability to see any context of life through a scientific perspective is seen through the thoughts of Professor Reddiar. Therefore, this study explores topics such as atomics, anthropology, domestic life, biology, cosmology, science in spirituality, psychology in literature, linguistics, teaching science as portrayed by Prof. Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Scientific Thoughts, Prof. Subbu Reddiar, Tamil Language.
44. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் பார்வையில் அகத்திணை – புறத்திணை ஓர் இயங்கியல்
இ. முன்னி & முனைவர் செ. ஹேமலதா
A Dialectic View of Professor N. Subbureddyar in Inner Life (Agathinai) and External Life (Purathinai)
E. Munni & Dr. S. Hemalatha
“Tolkappiam” is an ancient Tamil literature book written by Tolkappiyar. This Tamil treatise on grammar and life deals with the ancient Sangam lifestyle. “Tolkappiam” also says about the inner spirit and external capabilities of ancient life. The inner life (Agam) deals with love, compassion, affection, and forgiveness; the external life (Puram) reveals courage, valour, generosity and war ethics. This is how the two sides of human life are considered in the Tamil research world but Professor N. Subbu Reddiar in his version of “Tolkappiyum” has researched in another perspective contrary to the above-stated ideas that are related to socio-economic hierarchy, growth and status of the people based on the Sangam habitats in regard with the regions and environmental conditions. Tholkappiyar has classified the earth into Five Regions as Hilly Regions (Kurunchi), Forests Regions (Mullai), Farmlands (Marutham), Coastal (Neithal) and Desert (Palai) regions. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar has seen a perspective related to the lifestyle and status of the people. His “Tolkappiyum” describes in detail the lifestyle lived by the Sangam people with a tinge on the culture and heritage of the Tamil People of Ancient and Medieval Times. The lifestyle, culture and heritage of the people of the ancient and medieval times of Tamil Nadu had been investigated by Mr. Reddiar under the scrutiny of “Tolkappiam” and “Thirukurral”. Professor N. Subbureddiyar suggests that this literature should be considered for the betterment of the life of every human on the earth. Regarding to the lifestyle of humans and culture said by Tolkappiar; Professor N. Subbu Reddiar authored the same ideals from a different perspective in his book “Lifestyle shown as in ‘Tholkappiam” (Tolkappiam Kattum Valkai)’.
Keywords: Dialectic View, Professor N. Subbureddyar, Inner Life (Agathinai), External Life (Purathinai)
45. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் ‘வள்ளுவரின் வாழ்வியல் சிந்தனைகள்’ தெளிவுறுத்தும் அறமும், அறவியல் வாழ்வும்
முனைவர் ப. சு. மூவேந்தன்
Virtue and Moral Life in Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s ‘Valluvarin Vaazhviyal Sinthanaigal’
Dr. P. S. Mooventhan
Virtue is the chief moral code of common life in Tamil society. Virtues arose with the primary aim of emphasizing virtue. “Tirukkural” is the chief among the didactic books. “Tirukkural” has created many ideas with very few words like the English saying “Brevity is the Soul of Wit. Professor Subbu Reddiar studied the concept of “Tirukkural” in his commentary, speech and writing. Such interpretations were in texts, paraphrases, translations, textual interpretations, and textual refutations. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar has authored many books related to “Tirukkural” and didactic books. One of them is ‘Vaḷḷuvariṉ Vāḻviyal Cintaṉaikaḷ’. This is a testament to Professor's introspective vision. In this book, he has explained the meaning of virtue and how it has been followed in Tamil tradition. The virtues created by “Tirukkural” and its functions, the need for virtue in life, the virtues and the ability of Tirukkural's thoughts are seen in his works. In this way, this book also serves as an explanatory manual for “Tirukkural”. In this, he has revealed the meaning of virtue, material, and pleasure in terms of virtue in virtue, virtue in material, and virtue in pleasure. Moreover, he has tried to realize through this book that virtue is proof of the excellence of the Tamil language. He has also shown that he has been continuously associated with “Tirukkural” since his youth with his life events. In this article, Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar's ability to analyze “Tirukkural” with Tamil life and the compatibility of “Tirukkural” with his life has been evident. Hence, the objective of this research paper is to examine the importance of virtue, meaning, and pleasure, and the relevance of virtue with evidence through the book ‘Valluvarin Vaazhviyal Sinthanaigal’.
Keywords: Virtue, Moral Life, Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Valluvarin Vaazhviyal Sinthanaigal.
46. ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் கல்வி உளவியல்
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Educational Psychology
Educational psychology in progressive educational psychology is the science of introducing psychological principles and roles into the processes and procedures followed in education, the science of describing human behaviour and the nature of human behaviour. Psychology is a branch of psychology that describes the relationship between educational psychology and the teaching methods of the student learning environment. Educational psychology has many dimensions making sustainability and achievement rectifying the likes and dislikes and the flaws found in methodology, emotions, attitudes, etc. It determines the understanding of students’ behaviors and stimulates the student’s interest in learning. The basic purpose of the article is to assist the teacher with the help of Professor Na. Subbu Reddiar’s educational psychology has long been regarded as how the student absorbs the knowledge and attitudes he had seen and the applicable principles in educational principles that Prof. Reddiar has quoted. Psychology and the limits of educational psychology are detailed by him. Prof. Reddiar as a psychologist says that educational psychology is the study of the behaviour of students as appropriate to the educational environment that fosters one’s learning experiences from birth to old age. According to him, educational psychology covers the whole range of behavioral persona related to education. Hence, this study explains the points of educational psychology rendered by Prof. Reddiar.
Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Educational Psychology, Students, Teachers.
47. பேராசிரியரும் பெரியாரிசமும்
முனைவர் ப. விமலா
Professor and Periyarism
Dr. P. Vimala
Prof. Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar is a profound Tamil scholar who had studied many grammar, literature, religion and science-related artefacts in the Tamil language. He is a prolific writer in the fields such as grammar, literature, genealogy, poetry and religion. Thanthai Periyar's principles of atheism, the negation of superstitions, the development of rationality, the abolition of castes, abolition of female slavery are known as Periyarism. Prof. Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar had an immense love for Thanthai Periyar even though he was spiritual in nature. He wished to research Thanthai Periyar’s thoughts and expressions as much as other nobles like Ramanujar, Thayumanavar, Ramalinga Swamigal, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and others. In 2001 at the Anna Public Center, the University of Madras organised an endowment lecture in the name of Professor C.A. Perumal, where he delivered a series of lectures on Thanthai Periyar. In the first lecture, he decoded the excogitation of Periyar's stand on atheism. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar interprets and explains in great detail the fundamental reasons behind his atheistic policies. In the second lecture, he maps out Periyar's views on what society is. Periyar is a man who had dedicated his entire life to social work. In the third episode, he explains what he thinks about the Tamil language and his views on the notion of compulsory Hindi and even sent to jail. The purpose of this article is to examine the thoughts of Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar, a Tamil scholar with deep knowledge, long experience and great responsibility for Thanthai Periyar who rationalized the Tamil society in the twentieth century.
Keywords: Subburettiyar, Thanthai Periyar, Atheism, Periyarism, Tamil language.
48. பேராசிரியரின் பார்வையில் காலமும் கவிஞர்களும்
முனைவர் இரா. விமலா தேவி
Time and Poets in the View of Professor
Dr. R. Vimala Devi
Literature narrates the experiences of human life. The ideas prevailing in the society of the people are regulated by the literary evidence and the people of the society through the literary works lead the society to improve. Thus the writer benefits society through his/her books. Scholars have lived over time through their books and ideas created. Their thoughts are cherished and preserved from generation to generation. One of the greatest scholars known for such thoughts was Professor Na. Subbu Rediar. He is a versatile scholar, religious thinker, and creator and is deeply attached to the Vaishnava sect. His book “Time and Poets” (Kalamum Kavingarkalum) is a collection of articles published in various magazines. In this collection, he did studies on “Vilibharatham” that has been compared with Bharathi's “Panchali’s Vow” (Panchali Sabatham) with those of the norms of standard Poetry, embellishing the imagination with the scenes he sees naturally, and reveals the characteristics of Bharathi's “Panchali’s Vow”. He points to the glories of the Tamil language and explains “Thirupavai” and “Thiruvembavai” as great proofs of the fact that Paavai Nonpu is Thai neeradal and Margazhi Nieradal is called Amba aadal. He has researched scientific ideas and epic characteristics of Tamils' place in business. Hence, the article seeks to explore how poets evolve through the mind, time, environment, and creative thinking, and explores Professor Subbu Reddiar's multifaceted thinking through his book “Time and Poets”.
Keywords: Creative Thought, Motivational Mind, Environmental Behavior, Social Thinker.
49. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியார் பார்வையில் கம்பராமாயணம்
முனைவர் மு. விஜய சாரதா
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Views on Kambaramayanam
Dr. M.Vijaya Saratha
The story of the epic “Kambaramayana” is briefed along the lines of a folk song “Ayodhi Endroru Rajiyamam Athanai Dasaratha Andaram” which means there was a kingdom called Ayodhi which was ruled by Dasaratha. In the last line of this song, it is written as children do not mock any elder because you would have heard that Rama also wandered and suffered in the forest for fourteen years. After all, he teased Mandarai, an aged person who is also known as Kooni in the epic. The purpose of writing this folk song is contrary to the theme of the epic “Ramayana” written by Kambar. Similarly, whether it is literature or grammar it gets conceived in the mind of the creator as a crux and finally, it will become a piece of work which would vary depending on the creator’s feeling or atmosphere that he is trying to evoke in the readers. But the view of the work can be contrastive, depending on the person who reads it and the period in which he reads it. On that basis, Prof N. Subbu Reddiar has highlighted the relationship levels among the characters, their emotions, the problems he finds in it and Kambar’s expression of culture and beliefs, love, affection, hospitality and devotion of Dasaratha, Lakshmana, Bharatha, Hanuman, Guhan, and Sukrivan towards Rama is explicated in “Kambaramayanam”. Hence, this article elicits a study from the viewpoint of Prof. Subbu Reddiar on “Kambaramayanam”.
Keywords: Prof. Subbu Reddiar, Kambaramayanam, Views.
50. நிலமிசை நீடு வாழ்வர்
முனைவர் வீ. விஜியலட்சுமி
Nilamisai Needu Vazvar
Dr. V. Vijiyalakshmi
Among the kinds of literature in the Tamil language, Moral literature is praised next to Sangam literature. The family is like a leaf of a tree. It is through this that love like green gives the tree like family gets love. Love is the foundation of Kalavu's (Secret love) life. This feeling of love encompasses all of the love, affection, desire, anger, and fear. These traits are fundamental in the secret life of Tamil society. It also leads to a chaste (Karpu - Married) life. Hospitality is one of the main responsibilities of both husband and wife in marriage life. Hospitality and their domestic duties are associated with the community. The housewife should explain the habit of removing the fear of reproach and distributing the earned material to the relatives. It embodies a sense of duty to society and paves the way for maintaining contact with society. Although the values of literature are constant, they are not all contemporaneous. There are some changes and innovations in the customs from time to time. It is possible to know the lifestyle and true nature of the people of that time through the works mentioned by the witnesses. These suggest that people can live a clean life by removing impurities from their minds and paving the way for future rewards. Hence, the conception of Professor Subbu Reddiar can be seen in the text written by him for Valluvar. It is also commendable for realizing the need of human society, the family relationship, customs and social bonds of the individual, which are relevant for all time, emphasize that the home and the nation will be better off as they are governed by the principle of virtue.
Keywords: Hospitality, Justice Literature, Family Responsibility, Culture, Social Relation.
51. ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரின் பல்சுவை விருந்தின் சுவைகள்
முனைவர் இரா. விஷ்ணுப்பிரியா
N.Subbu Reddiar’s Eruditeness in his Palsuvai Virundhu
Dr. R. Vishnupriya
Prof. N. Subbureddiyar has written several multidimensional works. “Palsuvai Virundhu”, the work comprises thirteen parts which include his popular speeches and writings. He deals profoundly into the insight into the theme of caste through his book which is also evident in “Tolkaapiyam” but it never recognises the people directly. Most of the streets are named after the caste. The street name will be perfected when the caste is removed from it. He rightly quotes the words of Thirumoolar - "Ondrey Kulam Oruvaney Devan" as the remedy for the radical change in the society. He considers the work of Thiruvalluvar as a fantabulous work for real life. Subbu Reddiar suggests the reader learn the couplets by using their hearts instead of their minds which is abundantly more than the taste of chocolate and the energy of vitamin capsules. The author thinks that there are 1330 pearls in the room of 133 shells. According to him, “Thirukkural” is the only wealth for human beings in their life. He shares information from medicine, and science and insists to develop research centres for diagnosing the cause and effects of diseases. He has guided how to write history and feels dejected about the new Poets' portrayal of contemporary issues in society through their poetry. Hence, he compares these new poets' views on society with that of the eagle's view. The research paper delineates the varied thoughts on the exposure of the path of Kamaraj, Rajaji, Ramanujar and Periyar as the right path for a good life.
Keywords: Casteism, Science, Ethics, Social thoughts, Palsuvai Virundhu.
52. பேராசிரியர் பார்வையில் அகத்திணை மாந்தர்கள்
Agaththinai Manthargal in the View of Professor
The book “Agaththinai Kolgaigal”, written by Professor Subbu Reddiar, serves as a mirror that can reflect the changes and unchanging traditions that have taken place over time in the internal world. Subbu Reddiar explains in detail everything from Sangam literature to contemporary literature, beginning with the interpretation of Agam life. In this book, in the section on Agaththinai Manthargal, he elaborates on who are the Agaththinai Manthargal and their characteristics. This article focuses on the concept of Subbu Reddiar. He divides his book Agaththinai Manthargal into three types, viz. The characters are called Thalaivan and Thalaivi in Tamil. Some others are related to them and are known as Mothers, Fathers, Nurses, Friends, Paangan and Prostitutes. Professor Subbu Reddiar also classifies them as those associated with the chiefs, the Kandor, the Arivar, the Kuththar, the Youth, the Guest, and the Theerpaagan. Professor Subbu Reddiar is like a psychologist who examines the nature of each character and the thought that perceives out of it. He explains that Thalaivi is a little girl when he falls in love and after marriage, he becomes so mature and corrects the Thalaivan. Like the Thalaivi, the Friend has an admirable place in the inner life (agam). She is like another mother who is supportive of the Thalaivi, a teacher who corrects the Thalaivan and corrects his mistakes, and a nurse who has the mentality to deal with the situation. Professor Subbu Reddiar says that the Thalaivan is the one who has loved the Thalaivi and is the one who has received pride and heroism altogether. Similarly, Professor Subbu Reddiar stimulates research thinking by inwardly exploring and comparing the special properties of each character. In this area, Professor Reddiar has used many research approaches such as comparison, analysis, descriptive study, evaluation and synthesis to bring the truth of his research. So, this article ponders over the facts evinced by Professor Subbu Reddiar on agathinai manthargal.
Keywords: Agaththinai Manthargal, Views, Professor Subbu Reddiar.
53. பேராசிரியர் பார்வையில் கல்வி உளவியல் கோட்பாடுகள்
முனைவர் பா. வைடூரியம்மாள்
Professor’s Theories of Educational Psychology
Dr. B. Vaiduriammal
Psychology is the interpretation of man’s inner behaviours. The condition of today’s students in educational institutions is a major problem. To rectify this, the teacher needs to know the psychology of the students. Many witnesses are well aware of this and emphasize its update in educational psychology. Professor N. Subbu Reddiar has published a separate book on educational psychology. A clear understanding of the two essentials of education is needed if the teacher-student relationship has to be well established. The teacher should treat the students without waiting or helping. A teacher ought to be well-versed in the developmental potential of students. These are all guidelines that teachers generally follow. Professor Reddiar explains the educational messages like this. The academic principles stated by Professor from the guidelines rather than the instructions for the teacher and students will surely help them to achieve new vistas. People who are working in the field of teaching, parents concerned with the education of children, and the general public should be familiar with educational psychology because education is not something that can be poured into one. It is the opinion of Professor Subbu Reddiar that one should achieve by himself. The comments made by Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar are very relevant today. There are many kinds of problems in learning and teaching education. Educational psychology is one of the topics in focus at Global unity. This article is designed to explain, analyze, and compare the psychological knowledge that a teacher should have, students’ awareness, motivation for students, applications of educational psychology, etc. Overall, this article illustrates the views of Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar on the need for educational psychology in today’s context.
Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Translation literature, Professor’s translation skills.
54. பெரியாழ்வாரும் பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியாரும்
முனைவர் அ. யசோதா
Periyazhvar Professor and N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. A. Yasodha
One of the twentieth-century notable personalities is Professor N. Subbu Reddiar. From ancient literature to present-day literature he is an erudite personality. Though he belongs to Shaiva Samaya, he has a passion for Vainava worship too. He is well-versed in Vaishnava literature. This article examines the history of Periyazhvar and his poems in a multifaceted way. Among the twelve Alwars, the significant personality who worshipped Tirumal is Periyazhvar. He won by arguing with many religious people in Madurai with the grace of Lord Vishnu. He is familiarly known as pattarpiran since he sang Pallandu and was revered as Periyazhvar. He sang holy hymns on the incarnation of Kannan. He enjoys celebrating the incarnation of Kannan in a very deep manner. He worships Lord Krishna from Thiruvadi to Thirumudi. For Lord Kanna, the songs are like singing lullabies, looking at the moon and feeding, and adorning with flowers as depicted in Periyazhvar's poems. The lullabies sung by Periyazhvar have developed into the literary genre of Pillai Tamil. Periyazhvar is very much involved in Kannan's mischief and youthful activities. Periyazhvar has written hymns praising the beauty of child Kannan from Yasodha's point of view. In Brindavan, young girls and all living beings are mesmerized by the flute of Kannan. He has also sung hymns in various places in praise of Thirumal. Periyazhvar's poems contain internal components and folk literary elements. The purpose of this article is to explore the various divine experience of Periyazhvar written by N. Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Periyazhvar, Kannan, Incarnation, Professor Subbu Reddiar.
55. பரணிப்பொழிவுகள் வெளிப்படுத்தும் பேராசிரியரின் மொழி ஆளுமை
முனைவர் மா. ரமாதேவி
Professor N. Subbu Reddiar’s Language Style from Parani Discourses
Dr. M. Ramadevi
Prof. Dr. N. Subbu Reddiar delivered lectures on “Kalingattuparani” in the series jointly conducted by Sri Venkateswara University and Pakkala Tamil Sangam which has been compiled into a book titled “Parani Discourses”. (Parani Polivukal). The six-day series has featured professor's lectures titled, Arimugham, Kadai Thirappu, Peigal Ulagam, Varalatru-Kurippugal, Parani Kattum Suvaigal, and Mummanikal. This article is the study of the professor's language personality, which is expressed in these lectures. Generally, personality can be referred to as a superior trait that distinguishes one from others. The personality traits can be found in society, sports, science and politics and can be expressed sometimes as a source of power and a hatred of the ruling but the personality expressed in the fields of literature and language are special to use and stimulate the thought process. In that way, Kalingattuparani’s Sol suvai (word power), Porul suvai (meaning), and Nayam (quality) as explained by Professor Subbu Reddiar stand as an example of his language authority. Perasiriyar explains how “Kalingattuparani” has followed the Tamil literary tradition evinced in “Nannul”, “Munnor mozhli porule yandri avar mozhliyum ponnae pore potruvom”. Perasiriyar's lectures are examples of how a language can act as an instrument for exchanging ideas if expressed by a person who is proficient in that language. The introduction to “Kalingattuparani”, the reason for the name Parani, Parani grammar, the appearance and origin of Parani books, the situation in which it appeared, the elements of Parani books and a lot of other information are given by Perasiriyar Subbu Reddiar never ending as from Akshaya Patra, such is the language personality. Perasiriyar approached through review method, descriptive method, comparative method, historical method, analytical method, and synthetic research method in this research article in his parani discourse on “Kalingattuparani”, Hence, this article delineates the linguistic verve of Perasiriyar Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Professor N. Subbu Reddiar, Language Style, Parani Discourses, Kalingattuparani.
56. பேராசிரியர் – வள்ளுவர் பார்வையில் அறக்கோட்பாடுகள்
முனைவர் மோ. ரூபா
Ethics in the View of Perasiriyar - Valluvar
Dr. M. Roopa
Aram is the first of the four ethical virtues in Tamil society. The virtues are namely Aram, Porul, Inbam and Veeduperu. Our ancestors have made Aram a priority because Aram thrives in this world and if a man becomes honourable, Porul and Inbum will automatically come to Veeduperu. Perasiriyar Subbu Reddiar explains that Aram transcends the sensual pleasures of life and wealth, which can be equated to God. According to Perasiriyar, good deeds and good thoughts are all considered Aram. Perasiriyar stands in the way of Valluvar, he explains that those who attain the highest state of eliminating their births and deaths by dependence on the Lord are the ones who stand on the path of the Lord, both in terms of thought, rationality and virtue. That is in the essence of belonging without showing any difference to other earthly beings. The one who owns it is Anthanar. Also, Perasiriyar emphasises Aram through Valluvar’s way and insists that an unvirtuous person who is selfish cannot become Anthanar. Perasiriyar's explanation for each Kural in the Aran Valiyuruthal Athikaram comes with thought-provoking and insightful ideas that are to be entrenched in our hearts. Perasiriyar also explains that the pleasures that can come from Aram are true. It is the only way to live a virtuous life. It is the way to work for the good of others and to live a virtuous life through the examples of Valluvar. Perasiriyar describes the banana tree as an example of Aram and explains the nature of Aram and its significance such as gratitude, charity, humbleness, respect and obedience towards elders in a clear manner. The purpose of this research article is to analyse how Perasiriyar has explored and explained the general principles that are acceptable to all, such as Valluvam.
Keywords: Ethics, View, Perasiriyar – Valluvar.
57. பேராசிரியரின் பெரியாழ்வார் காட்டும் ஆன்மீகநெறியும் சமுதாயநெறியும்
முனைவர் ந. ஜெயசுதா
Spiritual and Social Ethics revealed by Professor’s Periyazhvar
Dr. N. Jayasudha
Periyazhvar is the natural name obtained by him for his contributions and devotion among the twelve alwars of Almighty Lord Vishnu. To express the devotion of Periyazhvar (Vishnu Sidhan), Prof. N. Suppuratiyar has published a book bearing his name which has disclosed many specialities on Periyazhvar. In modern life, from the birth of the child to death. everything is planned but they forget to put the credits. Mukunda Pattar and Padmavalliyamai of Sri Viliputhur named their son Vishnu Siddhan. He started to explore from his young days what kind of work and service he can do for Lord Vishnu. He set up a beautiful Nandavanam and prepared garlands for Tirumal every day. His books are “Tirupallandu” and “Periyazhvar Thirumozhi”. Alwar lived till the age of 85. He finds Andal in his Nandavanam and says that she is the divine flower and belongs to Lord Vishnu. All this devotion to God paves the way to salvation. Nowadays, people fail to know the benefits of worship and the chances to accumulate with God. As a Professor, Subbu Reddiar got a great chance to know about the great value and happiness hidden in Vaishnavism and he dug out the secrets of the Tamil world. Professor shares that Periyazhvar has lived his life uniting him with God. He has recorded his ideas that make sense of the spiritual longings of Periyazhvar.
Keywords: Spiritual, Social Ethics, Professor Periyazhvar.
58. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்புரெட்டியார் பார்வையில் இராமகாதை
முனைவர் சி. ஜெயலட்சுமி
Ramakatha in the View of Professor N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. C. Jayalakshmi
It would be beautiful for any poet to compose the greatest epic “Ramayana” in any language. Professor Subbu Reddiar wrote the story as good as the great Valmiki who sang the “Ramayana.” The epic “Ramakatha” tells the story of Rama and his wife Sita, a prince of the Isvaku dynasty from Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. This story covers many aspects such as duty, heroism, love, femininity, marriage, relationships between relationships, war etc. Everyone born on this earth is indebted to someone in some way. According to Rama, the son must go into exile for 14 years without saying a word. He fulfilled it. It is the duty of the husband to rescue his wife when she is seduced by another man. Love is also beyond many senses. From one sense to the other, this feeling will appear in some way in the epics. Many Sangam literature songs are about love and war. Sangam literature and ancient Tamil grammar tell us about love and heroism. The heroism of Rama, Lakshmana, Hanuman, Ravana, Kumbha Karna, Indrajith and Vali are still talked about by the people today. Marriage is the formation of a bond between the couple. This bond will continue till the end of life. Life thrives on the exchange of love for one another. No one has the power to make love because it is immortal. Professor Subbu Reddiar has seen all such glimpses of Tamil culture in the epic “Ramayana”. So, he wanted to elicit to his reading audience, he had written many articles on “Ramayana” with startling comments analyzing the characters. Hence, this article focuses to bring forth the perspectives of Professor Subbu Reddiar to the present-day admirers of Subbu Reddiar and the Tamil academic world.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Epic, Ramayana, Ramakatha, Tamil Literature.
59. பேராசிரியர் ந. சுப்பு ரெட்டியாரின் சோழ நாட்டு திருப்பதிகள் - ஓர் ஆய்வு
தி. ஹேமாவதி & முனைவர் ப. விமலா
A Study on Professor Subbu Reddiar’s Holy Thirupathis in Cholas Regime
T. Hemavathy & Dr. P. Vimala
During the kingdom of Aaditya Karigala Cholan, there were around Forty Holy Thirupathis in the Chola regime out of 108 Vaishnava Holy Scripts. Prof. N. Subbu Reddiar in his book elicits about the importance of Holy Thirupathis, the specialities of the temples, the architectural design of the temples, the significant beauty of Perumal, the melody of Mangala Saasanam sung by the Alwars and their worship. In this research paper, the study is specific to the Holy Thirupathis of the Chola regime, which magnifies the inherent and boundless affection rendered by Alwars to Perumal. The Alwars' devotion to the lord and the sweet melodies sung by them has been gathered through the book “Oorum Perum”. Further, it had been the customary practice of Alwars to visit the temples and praise the Lord Vishnu shows their devotion to reach Perumal. With this miraculous power, Thirumazhaisai Alwar made the king marry the lady. The importance of the faith of Vaishnavism is popularly envisioned with the spiritual adherence to Perumal by the Twelve Alwars. When Karmega Kannan visits the place, the young girls of the place who has attained maturity attract him with melodious and romantic songs. Krishna’s magical tune in dancing style on the forehead of “Five Headed Serpent” (Kaarkodak) and protecting the Aayarpadi people by lifting the mountain “Kovarthan” and also killing the female monster had been the greatest wonders of Krishna and the alwars sing of these chivalric actions through their melodious songs. Consequently, the collection of hymns and melody songs was compiled into a series of 4000 songs called “Nalayira Divya Prapantham” sung by Alwars. The divine respect for Perumal by Periyalwar can be seen through the wedlock of Aandal with Perumal. Aandal became popular as Goddess, thereby attaining glory with Perumal. Hence, Perumal is glorified by the incarnation of Archavathara through the observations of Subbu Reddiar based on the Thirupathis flourished at the times of the Chola Regime. The article elaborates on the ideas of Reddiar on the holy Thirupathis at the time of the Chola regime.
Keywords: N. Subbu Reddiar, Vaishanavism, Thirupathis, Cholas Regime.
60. பேராசிரியரின் சமயக்கொடை
முனைவர் செ. ஹேமலதா
The Religious Gift of Professor N. Subbu Reddiar
Dr. S. Hemalatha
Religion has been at the centre of tradition that has been followed for a long time in Tamil Culture. Saivam and Vaishnavism are two religions which have been practised since ancient times in Tamil Nadu. Due to the passage of time many religions spread in Tamil Nadu and degraded the status of the Vedic and Vaishnava religions. During the Pallava period, Nayanmars and Alvars defended, contributed and developed the Vedic and Vaishnava religions. Perasiriyar Subbu Reddiar belongs to the Saivam sect, he is well-versed in Saiva Sithandham and Thirumurai. He has written many texts explaining many of the messages implied in this literature for the easy understanding of the common people. Although he belonged to the Saivam religion, he was interested in Vaishnavism for which he produced Vaishnavaite Puranas and epics (Ithihasangal) in simple Tamil and added pride to the Tamil language. He visited the holy shrines of Vaishnavism and also sang the specialities of each verse with his songs, dividing the verses region-wise in the way it is said in ancient times. Through this, he has further developed both the religions of Saivism and Vaishnavism. Thus, Professor has made personal pride not only for religions but also for the Tamil Language. Professor Subbu Reddiar has written more religious texts and has learned through Tamil literature. Hence, the purpose of this study is to establish the religious contributions of Professor Subbu Reddiar.
Keywords: Professor Subbu Reddiar, Saivam, Vaishnavism, Ilakkiyam, Nayanmars, Alvaras.